Chapter

The Quartz Crystal Microbalance in Soft Matter Research

Part of the series Soft and Biological Matter pp 221-246

Date:

Stratified Layer Systems

  • Diethelm JohannsmannAffiliated withInstitute of Physical Chemistry, Clausthal University of Technology Email author 

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Abstract

Samples, which are homogeneous in the resonator plane, can be modeled as acoustic multilayers. The deformation pattern is a plane wave. Thin films exposed to air behave as predicted by Sauerbrey. For somewhat thicker films, there is a viscoelastic correction scaling as the square of the film’s mass. For films exposed to a liquid, the viscoelastic correction is independent of thickness. If the layer is soft, the correction can be substantial, even for molecularly thin films. Under certain conditions, the film’s elastic compliance, J f ′, can be calculation from the ratio of ΔΓ and (–Δf). Thick films display a film resonance.