A Robust Audio Zero-Watermarking Algorithm Based on Wavelet Packet Analysis

  • Xueying Zhang
  • Wei Zhang
  • Fenglian Li
  • Guangyu Liu
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 297)


This paper proposed a new robust audio zero-watermarking algorithm which can be used to authenticate the copyright of digital audio. This algorithm has the following features: (1) it extracts the low frequency components of original audio to construct zero-watermarking by using the wavelet packet analysis method, ensures the imperceptibility of watermarking algorithm; (2) it uses cubic spline interpolation and multilevel scrambling technology to construct a meaningful zero-watermarking with a binary text image; it improves its safety and the robustness toward the attacks. Meanwhile, it is fairly straightforward to finish the authentication. The experimental result shows that this algorithm has strong robustness against typical common attacks and hostile attacks.


zero-watermark robust watermarking copyright authentication cubic spline interpolation wavelet packet analysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xueying Zhang
    • 1
  • Wei Zhang
    • 1
  • Fenglian Li
    • 1
  • Guangyu Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Information EngineeringTaiyuan University of TechnologyTaiyuanChina

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