An Environment for Domestic Supervised Amblyopia Treatment

  • Giancarlo Facoetti
  • Angelo Gargantini
  • Andrea Vitali
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8529)


Amblyopia (also called lazy eye) is a condition in which the eye and the brain do not work properly together; this condition causes poor vision in the lazy eye. It involves around 4% of the children. We have devised a system for the diagnosis and treatment of amblyopia by using 3D technology. To be successful, the proposed treatment must be enjoyable and suitable for domestic use (for instance by watching TV) and carried out with a constant supervision by the doctors. We present a system in which patients and doctors exchange information about the prescribed activities.


Binocular Vision Head Mount Display Occlusion Therapy Rehabilitation Module Amblyopic Child 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Beneish, R.G., Polomeno, R.C., Flanders, M.E., Koenekoop, R.K.: Optimal compliance for amblyopia therapy: Occlusion with a translucent tape on the lens. Can. J. Ophthalmol. 44(5), 523–528 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Charman, W.N.: Optical characteristics of transpaseal as a partial occluder. Am. J. Optom. Physiol. Opt. 60(10), 846–850 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Colombo, G., Facoetti, G., Rizzi, C.: A digital patient for computer-aided prosthesis design. Interface Focus 3(2), 82–84 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dixon-Woods, M., Awan, M., Gottlob, I.: Why is compliance with occlusion therapy for amblyopia so hard? a qualitative study. Arch. Dis. Child. 91(6), 491–494 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fateh, S., Speeg, C.: Rebalancing the visual system of people with amblyopia “lazy eye” by using HMD and image enhancement. In: Shumaker, R. (ed.) Virtual and Mixed Reality. LNCS, vol. 5622, pp. 560–565. Springer, Heidelberg (2009),
  6. 6.
    Fawcett, S.L.: Disruption and reacquisition of binocular vision in childhood and in adulthood. Curr. Opin. Ophthalmol. 16(5), 298–302 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gargantini, A.: Using 3D vision for the diagnosis and treatment of amblyopia in young children. In: International Conference on Health Informatics HEALTHINF (2011)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gargantini, A., Bana, M., Fabiani, F.: Using 3D for rebalancing the visual system of amblyopic children. In: 2011 International Conference on Virtual Rehabilitation (ICVR), pp. 1–7 (June 2011)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gregson, R.: Why are we so bad at treating amblyopia? Eye 16(4), 461–462 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Newsham, D.: Parental non-concordance with occlusion therapy. British Journal of Ophthalmology 84(9), 957–962 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Searle, A., Norman, P., Harrad, R., Vedhara, K.: Psychosocial and clinical determinants of compliance with occlusion therapy for amblyopic children. Eye 16(2), 150–155 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Thompson, T.G., Brailer, D.J.: The decade of health information technology: Delivering consumercentric and informationrich health care. US Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC (2004)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Vitali, A., Facoetti, G., Gargantini, A.: An environment for contrast-based treatment of amblyopia using 3D technology. In: International Conference on Virtual Rehabilitation 2013, Philadelphia, PA, U.S.A, August 26-29 (2013)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wei, H., Zhao, Y., Dong, F., Saleh, G., Ye, X., Clapworthy, G.: A cross-platform approach to the treatment of ambylopia. In: 2013 IEEE 13th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Bioengineering (BIBE), pp. 1–4 (November 2013)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giancarlo Facoetti
    • 1
  • Angelo Gargantini
    • 1
  • Andrea Vitali
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EngineeringUniversity of Bergamo (BG)DalmineItaly

Personalised recommendations