Non-wood Renewable Materials: Properties Improvement and Its Application

  • Rudi Dungani
  • H. P. S. Abdul KhalilEmail author
  • Ihak Sumardi
  • Yoyo Suhaya
  • Endah Sulistyawati
  • Md. Nazrul Islam
  • N. L. M. Suraya
  • N. A. Sri Aprilia


Plant biomass are woody and non-wood materials (e.g., oil palm, bamboo, rattan, bagasse, and kenaf) and are abundant and renewable resource. Unfortunately, the heavy reliance on this resource is a threat to forest ecosystems and a recipe for accelerated land resource degradation. Due to the increasing scarcity of wood resources, many rural communities have shifted to utilization of crop residues for many different applications. The non-wood biomass is readily available, environmental friendly, and technologically suitable, and therefore, an excellent raw material for the future. The non-wood materials like bamboo, rattan, oil palm, and bagasse have superior properties and durability, which can be further prolonged by the modification treatment. The modification treatments increase the performance of the non-wood and could make it suitable for applications in many fields ranging from construction industry to automotive industry. This chapter deals with the properties improvement techniques of the selected non-wood biomasses and evaluates its applications for various purposes. The new developments dealing with the improvement of non-wood properties have also been presented in the chapter. The performance of non-wood biomass materials has been compared to the wood-based materials. Recent studies pertaining to the above topics have also been cited. Finally, the advanced applications of the improved non-wood biomasses have been highlighted.


Non-wood biomass Biocomposites Properties improvment Fibers 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rudi Dungani
    • 1
  • H. P. S. Abdul Khalil
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ihak Sumardi
    • 1
  • Yoyo Suhaya
    • 1
  • Endah Sulistyawati
    • 1
  • Md. Nazrul Islam
    • 3
  • N. L. M. Suraya
    • 2
  • N. A. Sri Aprilia
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Life Sciences and Technology, Institut Teknologi BandungBandungIndonesia
  2. 2.School of Industrial Technology, Universiti Sains MalaysiaPenangMalaysia
  3. 3.School of Life Science, Khulna UniversityKhulnaBangladesh
  4. 4.Department of Chemical EngineeringEngineering Faculty of Syiah Kuala UniversityBanda AcehIndonesia

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