Early Interaction Experiences of Deaf Children and Teachers with the OLPC Educational Laptop

  • Maíra Codo Canal
  • Juliana Bueno
  • Laura Sánchez García
  • Leonelo D. A. Almeida
  • Alessio MirandaJr.
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8514)


The adoption of computing technologies in the schools has the potential for supporting the digital and social inclusion. However, whether such technologies are not accessible they can deepen the exclusion of students with disabilities, and other minorities. This work investigated questions regarding the use of the laptops from OLPC by deaf children between 7 and 12 years old and by teachers from a bilingual school. The results indicate that children were excited due the use of the device; even they behaved reticent during the interaction. The study also identified interaction problems regarding both hardware and software in the use of the laptop.


Accessibility XO laptop computer-based learning deaf children OLPC 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Baranauskas, M.C.C., Souza, C.S.: Desafio n º 4: Acesso Participativo e Universal do Cidadão Brasileiro ao Conhecimento. Computação Brasil, ano VII(23), 7 (2006)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Canal, M.C., Miranda, L.C., de, A.L.D.A., Baranauskas, M.C.C.: Analisando a Simplicidade do Laptop da OLPC: Desafios e Propostas de Soluções de Design. In: Anais do XXXI Congresso da Sociedade Brasileira de Computação, pp. 1250–1264. SBC (2011)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Canal, M.C., Almeida, L.D.A., Baranauskas, M.C.C.: Uma avaliação de acessibilidade no laptop educacional da OLPC na perspectiva de pessoas com dislexia. In: Anais do 23º Simpósio Brasileiro de Informática na Educação, Sociedade Brasileira de Computação, Porto Alegre (2012)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chomsky, N.: Language and Problems of Knowledge. The MIT Press, Cambridge (1998)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Flores, P., Hourcade, J.P.: Under Development: One year of experiences with XO laptops in Uruguay. Interactions 16(4), 52–55 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gentry, M., Chinn, K., Moulton, R.: Effectiveness of multimedia reading materials when used with children who are deaf. American Annals of the Deaf 149(5), 394–403 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hansen, N., Koudenburg, N., Hiersemann, R., Tellegen, P.J., Kocsev, M., Postmes, T.: Laptop usage affects abstract reasoning of children in the developing world. Comput. Educ. 59(3), 989–1000 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hourcade, J.P., Beitler, D., Cormenzana, F., Flores, P.: Early olpc experiences in a rural uruguayan school”. In: CHI 2008 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 2503–2512. ACM (2008)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kraemer, K.L., Dedrick, J.: e Sharma, P.: One Laptop per Child: Vision vs. Reality. Communications of the ACM 52(6), 66–73 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Martinazzo, A.A.G., Patrício, N.S., Biazon, L.C., Ficheman, I.K., Lopes, R.D.: Testing the OLPC Drawing Activity: An Usability Report. In: 8th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies, pp. 844–846 (2008)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Mich, O.: Evaluation of software tools with deaf children. In: Proc. 11th ASSETS, pp. 235–236. ACM (2009)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Miranda, L.C., Hornung, H.H., Solarte, D.S.M., Romani, R., Weinfurter, M.R., Neris, V.P.A., Baranauskas, M.C.C.: Laptops Educacionais de Baixo Custo: Prospectos e Desafios. In: XVIII SBIE, pp. 358–367 (2007)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    One Laptop per Child,
  14. 14.
    Papert, S.: Mindstorms: Children, Computers and Powerful Ideas. Basic Books (1980)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Preece, J., Rogers, Y., Sharp, E.: Interaction Design: Beyond Human-Computer Interaction. John Wiley & Sons, New York (2002)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Press, L.: Dynabook Revisited - Portable Computers Past, Present and Future. Communications of the ACM 35(3), 25–32 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Programa Um Computador por Aluno,
  18. 18.
    Roccaforte, M., DeMonte, M., Groves, K., Tomasuolo, E., Capuano, D.: Strategies for Italian deaf learners. In: Editore, S. (ed.) Proc. 4th International conference on ICT for language learning (2011)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Schneider, F.C., Santarosa, L.M.C., Conforto, D.: Cidade Um Computador por Aluno - UCA Total A identificação de situações inclusivas na totalidade. In: Anais do XXII SBIE - XVII WIE, pp. 568–577 (2011)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Venâncio, V., Telles, E.O., Franco, J.F., Aquino, E., Ficheman, I.K., Lopes, R.D.: UCA – Um computador por Aluno: um relato dos protagonistas do Piloto de São Paulo. In: XIX SBIE, Workshop IV (2008)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Vettori, C., Mich, O.: Supporting deaf children’s reading skills: the many challenges of text simplification”. In: 13th ASSETS, pp. 283–284. ACM (2011)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Yang, Y., Zhang, L., Zeng, J., Pang, X., Lai, F., Rozelle, S.: Computers and the academic performance of elementary school-aged girls in China’s poor communities. Computers & Education 60(1), 335–346 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maíra Codo Canal
    • 1
  • Juliana Bueno
    • 1
  • Laura Sánchez García
    • 1
  • Leonelo D. A. Almeida
    • 2
  • Alessio MirandaJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of InformaticsFederal University of Paraná, Centro PolitécnicoCuritibaBrazil
  2. 2.Department of InformaticsFederal University of TechnologyCuritibaBrazil

Personalised recommendations