Skip to main content

Gastroenterology

  • 1677 Accesses

Abstract

The parasympathetic nervous system uniquely controls the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. In the upper GI tract, GERD is possible in two ways: either as a parasympathetic insufficiency (leading to gastroparesis) causing food to collect, causing the acid to back up into the esophagus, or as a parasympathetic excess causing an overactive stomach, splashing the acid up into the esophagus. In the lower GI tract, parasympathetic insufficiency leads to lower motility leading to constipation, and parasympathetic excess leads to excess motility leading to diarrhea. Most GI medications, especially those that affect motility, are direct or indirect anticholinergics.

Keywords

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  • Acid Reflux
  • Parasympathetic Activity
  • Parasympathetic Nervous System
  • Bowel Motility

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-07371-2_17
  • Chapter length: 1 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   149.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-319-07371-2
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   199.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   249.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2015 Springer International Publishing Switzerland

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Colombo, J., Arora, R., DePace, N.L., Vinik, A.I. (2015). Gastroenterology. In: Clinical Autonomic Dysfunction. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-07371-2_17

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-07371-2_17

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-07370-5

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-07371-2

  • eBook Packages: MedicineMedicine (R0)