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Normal Data

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Chapter 10 presents a series of normal patients. Normal is defined as an individual not currently prescribed with medication with autonomic assessment responses that are within age- and baseline-adjusted, published, normal limits; this includes a couple of octogenarians. This chapter includes the method by which the physician can have quality assurance regarding the clinical assessment results. Since the physician does not have to be in the room when the autonomic test is administered, this method provides the physician a level of assurance that the data are valid. The chapter concludes with discussion on specificity, sensitivity, reliability, and reproducibility.


  • Autonomic Dysfunction
  • Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia
  • Parasympathetic Activity
  • Sympathetic Response
  • Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-07371-2_10
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Colombo, J., Arora, R., DePace, N.L., Vinik, A.I. (2015). Normal Data. In: Clinical Autonomic Dysfunction. Springer, Cham.

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