Fuzzy Logic Based Implementation for Forest Fire Detection Using Wireless Sensor Network

Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 27)

Abstract

The detection and prevention of forest fire is a major problem now a days. Timely detection allows the prevention units to reach the fire in its initial stage and thus reduce the risk of spreading and the harmful impact on human and animal life. Because of the inadequacy of conventional forest fire detection on real time and monitoring accuracy the Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is introduced. This paper proposes a fuzzy logic based implementation to manage the uncertainty in forest fire detection problem. Sensor nodes are used for detecting probability of fire with variations during different time in a day. The Sensor nodes sense temperature, humidity, light intensity, CO 2 density and time and send the information to the base station. This proposed system improves the accuracy of the forest fire detection and also provides a real time based detection system as all the input variables are collected in real time basis.

Keywords

Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) Fuzzy Logic Forest Fire Detection 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Information TechnologyIndian Institute of Engineering Science and TechnologyShibpurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Computer ScienceCollege of Engineering and ManagementKolaghatIndia

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