Frequency Control in Deregulated Environment

  • Hassan BevraniEmail author
Part of the Power Electronics and Power Systems book series (PEPS)


This chapter addresses the frequency control issue in the restructured power systems. A brief description on frequency regulation markets is given. The impacts of power system restructuring on frequency regulation are simulated, and a dynamical model to adapt a classical frequency response model to the changing environment of power system operation is introduced. An agent-based LFC in a deregulated environment is proposed, and real-time laboratory tests have been performed. Furthermore, two frequency control synthesis approaches using a real values-based learning classifier system and a bisection search method are addressed; and finally, a design framework for economic frequency control is explained.


Deregulation AGC market Regulation power Bilateral contract Vertically integrated utility Market operator IPP ISO NERC ENTSO-E FERC H-PI control H2/H-PI control Aagent-based control Participation factor Intelligent LFC XCSR Generation participation matrix (GPM) Bisection search method Economic dispatch GA Multiobjective optimization 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of KurdistanSanandajIran

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