Clustering Constructed Responses for Formative Assessment in Comprehension SEEDING

  • Frank Paiva
  • Rodney D. Nielsen
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8474)


In this paper we discuss the Comprehension SEEDING system and how it enhances the classroom discussion. SEEDING attempts to accomplish this by providing real-time formative assessment of student responses. Teachers can pose questions using the SEEDING system, students submit typed responses, and the system automatically groups the responses according to their semantic similarity. These components equip teachers with the necessary tools to engage the classroom in a broad and enhanced discussion.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank Paiva
    • 1
  • Rodney D. Nielsen
    • 1
  1. 1.University of North TexasUSA

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