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Systematic Review of Behavioral Obesity Interventions and Their Persuasive Qualities

  • Anna Xu
  • Taridzo Chomutare
  • Sriram Iyengar
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8462)

Abstract

In this systematic review of weight loss interventions, we reviewed interventions aimed at maintaining weight loss, and identify persuasive elements that drive weight maintenance.

Methods: We searched the Medline database for long-term obesity interventions, and targeted randomized control trials that aimed to reduce weight among adults for over 12 months, and extracted outcomes related to body weight change.

Results: Seventeen publications were in the final review. Tailoring, or group counseling led by a health care professional, was shown to have a significant effect on long-term weight loss. Positive effects were also obtained by personalization (one-on-one counseling), competition (competing against other people trying to lose weight), and reminders.

Conclusion: Maintaining weight loss long-term as so far eluded researchers, but results suggest that that some elements of the interventions are more greatly associated with weight maintenance than others. Future interventions might be more effective if they were based on persuasive technology.

Keywords

Persuasive technology obesity systematic review behavior 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Xu
    • 1
  • Taridzo Chomutare
    • 2
  • Sriram Iyengar
    • 1
  1. 1.Health Science Center at HoustonUniversity of TexasHoustonUSA
  2. 2.University of TromsøTromsøNorway

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