Quantum Computation: Integrated Quantum Gates for Polarization Encoded Qubits

  • Linda SansoniEmail author
Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)


In the previous Chapter, I reported on the realization of integrated circuits able to support polarization encoded qubits by means of the ultrafast laser writing technique.


Coupling Coefficient Directional Coupler Bell State Quantum Gate Quantum Walk 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    P. Walther, K.J. Resch, T. Rudolph, E. Schenck, H. Weinfurter, V. Vedral, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Zeilinger, Experimental one-way quantum computing. Nature 434, 169 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. Ursin, F. Tiefenbacher, T. Schmitt-Manderbach, H. Weier, T. Scheidl, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, T. Jennewein, J. Perdigues, P. Trojek, B. Ömer, M. F urst, M. Meyenburg, J. Rarity, Z. Sodnik, C. Barbieri, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, Entanglement-based quantum communication over 144 km. Nat. Phys. 3, 481 (2007)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, L. Sansoni, I. Bongioanni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, P. Mataloni, Integrated photonic quantum gates for polarization qubits. Nat. Commun. 2, 566 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. Politi, M.J. Cryan, J.G. Rarity, S. Yu, J.L. O’Brien, Silica-on-silicon waveguide quantum circuits. Science 320, 646 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J.C.F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X.-Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Worhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M.G. Thompson, J.L. O’Brien, Quantum walks of correlated photons. Science 329, 1500 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. C. F. Matthews, K. Poulios, J. D. A. Meinecke, A. Politi, A. Peruzzo, N. Ismail, K. Worhoff, M. G. Thompson, J. L. O’Brien, Simulating quantum statistics with entangled photons: a continuous transition from bosons to fermions, Sci. Rep. 3, 1539 (2013)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. Politi, J.C.F. Matthews, J.L. O’Brien, Shor’s quantum factoring algorithm on a photonic chip. Science 325, 1221 (2009)ADSCrossRefzbMATHMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    B.J. Smith, D. Kundys, N. Thomas-Peter, P.G.R. Smith, I.A. Walmsley, Phase-controlled integrated photonic quantum circuits. Opt. Express 17, 13516 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. Laing, A. Peruzzo, A. Politi, M.R. Verde, M. Halder, T.C. Ralph, M.G. Thompson, J.L. O’Brien, High-fidelity operation of quantum photonic circuits. Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 211108 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J.C.F. Matthews, A. Politi, A. Stefanov, J.L. O’Brien, Manipulation of multiphoton entanglement in waveguide quantum circuits. Nat. Photonics 3, 346 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. Politi, J. Matthews, M.G. Thompson, J.L. O’Brien, Integrated quantum photonics. IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 1673 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    I.L. Chuang, M.A. Nielsen, Quantum Information and Quantum Computation (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2000)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    E. Knill, R. Laflamme, G.J. Milburn, A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics. Nature 409, 46 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    T. Ralph, N.K. Langford, T. Bell, A.G. White, Linear optical controlled-NOT gate in the coincidence basis. Phys. Rev. A 65, 062324 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    H.F. Hofmann, S. Takeuchi, Quantum phase gate for photonic qubits using only beam splitters and postselection. Phys. Rev. A 66, 024308 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    C.K. Hong, Z.Y. Ou, L. Mandel, Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference. Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044 (1987)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    N. Kiesel, C. Schmid, U. Weber, R. Ursin, H. Weinfurter, Linear optics controlled-phase gate made simple. Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 210505 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    R. Okamoto, H.F. Hofmann, S. Takeuchi, K. Sasaki, Demonstration of an all optical quantum Controlled-NOT gate without path interference. Physical Review Letters 95, 210506 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    N.K. Langford, T.J. Weinhold, R. Prevedel, K.J. Resch, A. Gilchrist, J.L. O’Brien, G.J. Pryde, A.G. White, Demonstration of a simple entangling optical gate and its use in Bell-state analysis. Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 210504 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    J.L. O’Brien, G.J. Pryde, A.G. White, T.C. Ralph, D. Branning, Demonstration of an all-optical quantum controlled-not gate. Nature 426, 264 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    A.S. Clark, J. Fulconis, J.G. Rarity, W.J. Wadsworth, J.L. O’Brien, All-optical-fiber polarization-based quantum logic gate. Phys. Rev. A 79, 030303(R) (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    P. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, New high-intensity source of polarization entangled photon pairs. Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337 (1995)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    D.F.V. James, P.G. Kwiat, W.J. Munro, A.G. White, Measurement of qubits. Phys. Rev. A 64, 052312 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    A. Rossi, G. Vallone, A. Chiuri, F.D. Martini, P. Mataloni, Multipath entanglement of two photons. Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 153902 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    A. Chiuri, G. Vallone, N. Bruno, C. Macchiavello, D. Bruß, P. Mataloni, Hyperentangled mixed phased Dicke states: Optical design and detection. Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 250501 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    W.B. Gao, P. Xu, X.C. Yao, O. Guhne, A. Cabello, C. Y. Lu, C. Z. Peng, Z. B. Chen, J. W. Pan, Experimental realization of a Controlled-NOT gate with four-photon six-qubit cluster states. Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 020501 (2010)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F.D. Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, E. Santamato, Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits through Hong-Ou-Mandel coalescence. Nat. Photonics 3, 720 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    E. Nagali, D. Giovannini, L. Marrucci, S. Slussarenko, E. Santamato, F. Sciarrino, Experimental optimal cloning of four-dimensional quantum states of photons. Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 073602 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    J.T. Barreiro, T.-C. Wei, P.G. Kwiat, Beating the channel capacity limit for linear photonic superdense coding. Nat. Phys. 4, 282 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of PaderbornPaderbornGermany

Personalised recommendations