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Lab-in-a-Microfibre

Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Surface Sciences book series (SSSUR, volume 56)

Abstract

The laboratory-in-a-fibre was originally envisaged around structured optical fibres and their two dimensional, potentially three-dimensional (3-D), variation in structure they enabled. In contrast to D-shaped fibres which have long been used as a test bed for novel optical components and more recently as the substrate for lab-on-a-chip technologies, or lab-on-fibre , it was a proposal which looked into the future of optical fibres well beyond optical transport conduits, imagining fibres as complex 3-D instruments with multiple waveguides and waveguide devices, both along and across the fibre to enable unprecedented multiple functionality and density. Whereas the D-fibre platform has since evolved into an enormously attractive “lab-on-a-fibre” stage, the vision remains largely unfulfilled but technological advances and new ideas will make its realisation inevitable, if slow. This included the merger of 3-D optical fibre innovations with growing lab-on-fibre innovations. Although the two-dimensional structuring of the optical fibres was central to the proposal of lab-in-a-fibre, it nonetheless has some key restrictions defined by the top-down approach to optical fibre production. Macroscopic drawing down of fibres places a directional impost that gives rise to the two-dimensional layout of micro and nano structured fibres; i.e. control is only in the cross-section of the fibre. As well there are huge thermodynamic imposts integrating materials into silica itself providing motivation for different approaches to be explored. Here, recently reported bottom-up self-assembly approaches to fabricate waveguides that have the potential of enabling total control of the nanostructure are reviewed. These can be done at room temperature demonstrating in principle how the problems can be solved and simultaneously legitimising a new concept—the lab-in-a-microfibre.

Keywords

Optical Fibre Dynamic Light Scattering Fibre Bragg Grating Photonic Crystal Fibre Nitrogen Vacancy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

As with any entry into a broad new field, it is only possible with the contributions of many people. The following people, by institution and in alphabetical order, are acknowledged for various contributions that were carried out to make the lab-in-a-microfibre potentially realisable:

The University of Sydney—Fahad Khaksar Ali, Dr. Mattias Aslund, Jean-Gabriell Brisset, Dr. Kevin Cook, Prof. Maxwell J. Crossley, Stephanie Eid, Oscar Fawkes, Dr. George Huyang, Hari Athitha Jeyaseelan, Lachlan Lindoy, Nicolas Losio, Lucas Moura, Sarah Murphy, Miles Ma, Masood Naqshbandi, Melissa Nash, Dr. Liyang Shao, Dr. Jeff Shi, Dr. Patrick Trimby, Elijah Tyedmers, Hadrien Weil; University of NSW – Dr. Yanhua Liu, Prof. Gang-Ding Peng; The University of Technology—Dr. Alison Beavis, Dr. David Bishop, Prof. Andrew McDonagh, The Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT) – Dr. Brant Gibson; Wollongong University – Dr. Donqi Shi; Universite de Paris Sud, France – Dr. Matthieu Lancry (Marie Curie Exchange, EC FP7 Program).

Various funding sources are aslo acknowledged, particularly from the Australian Research Council (ARC). Both Marie Curie Exchange and EC FP7 Program funding helped to support exchange visits by Hadrien Weil, Jean-Gabriel Brisset and Elodie Medeiros from the Universite de Paris Sud, France. Lucas Moura was supported by the “Conselho Nacional de Desevolvimento Científico e Tecnológico” (CNPq) Brazil. M. Naqshbandi received a Gritton Student Scholarship and Liyang Shao an Australian Endeavour Research Fellowship. Hari Athitha Jeyaseelan, Melissa Nash, Lachlan Lindoy and Miles Ma were supported by IPL Summer Scholarships. Oscar Fawkes was supported with some project funding from the Foundation of Inorganic Chemistry, at The University of Sydney.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Interdisciplinary Photonics Laboratories (IPL), The School of ChemistryThe University of SydneySydneyAustralia

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