Electrical Impedance Spectroscopy for Structural Health Monitoring

  • Geoffrey A. SlipherEmail author
  • Robert A. Haynes
  • Jaret C. Riddick
Conference paper
Part of the Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series book series (CPSEMS)


Structural heath monitoring (SHM) can provide an estimate of the state of damage in a structure, and of the remaining useful life of that structure. The work presented here is an investigation of a proposed new SHM technique for composite structures composed of carbon-fiber-reinforced-polymers (CFRP). Electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is employed to estimate the damage state of the composite. No modification to current CFRP processing methods is required, nor is the proposed technique invasive or destructive. EIS interfaces can be either permanently attached or temporarily connected. We hypothesize that EIS has the potential to be more sensitive and selective for damage detection by using a full complex-plane analysis, considering both impedance magnitude and phase angle. This is in contrast to electrical SHM approaches employing resistance measurement, the real component of impedance, which ignores phase angle and reactance information. In order to test our hypothesis we implemented three different experiments to evaluate the effectiveness of the EIS technique: (1) specimen load sensitivity; (2) specimen damage sensitivity; and (3) specimen fatigue sensitivity. Multiple electrical interrogation paths through the specimen are considered.


Electrical impedance spectroscopy Structural health monitoring Carbon fiber Fatigue state Damage state detection Load state detection 



The authors would like to acknowledge the expert and valuable assistance of Mr. Wosen Wolde with the design, production, assembly, and trouble shooting of the electronics switching board.


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Copyright information

© The Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geoffrey A. Slipher
    • 1
    Email author
  • Robert A. Haynes
    • 1
  • Jaret C. Riddick
    • 1
  1. 1.Vehicle Technology DirectorateU.S. Army Research LaboratoryAberdeen Proving GroundUSA

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