Skip to main content

High Pressure Burst Testing of SiCf-SiCm Composite Nuclear Fuel Cladding

Part of the Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series book series (CPSEMS)

Abstract

Silicon carbide fiber reinforced silicon carbide matrix (SiCf-SiCm) composite tube is being developed as an accident tolerant fuel cladding material for light water reactors. The mechanical robustness of the material is of critical importance to ensure that the nuclear fuel and fission products are contained during both normal operation and accident conditions, such as the loss of coolant accident (LOCA) encountered in Fukushima Daiichi Plant. We report the development and application of a high pressure burst testing method to evaluate the mechanical robustness of SiCf-SiCm composite cladding. The internal high pressure is generated using a rubber tubing placed within the SiCf-SiCm sample tube. A unique test rig was designed to seal the ends of the rubber tubing while pressurizing it up to 2,000 bar by hydraulic oil. The expanding rubber tubing confined by the SiCf-SiCm sample tube thus exerts a controlled uniform internal pressure to the SiCf-SiCm sample. The full-field strain distribution of the outside surface of the sample was captured by 3D digital image correlation (DIC) method. The acoustic emission (AE) technique was used to detect damage events during the high pressure burst testing.

Keywords

  • Nuclear fuel cladding
  • Digital image correlation
  • Internal high pressure testing
  • Strain measurement

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-06986-9_46
  • Chapter length: 7 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   189.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-319-06986-9
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   249.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   299.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 46.1
Fig. 46.2
Fig. 46.3
Fig. 46.4
Fig. 46.5

Abbreviations

LOCA:

Loss of coolant accident

DIC:

Digital image correlation

SiCf-SiCm :

Silicon carbide fiber–silicon carbide matrix

CVI:

Carbon vapor infiltration

O.D:

Outside diameter

I.D:

Inside diameter

MPa:

Mega Pascals, 10+6 Pascals

AJ:

Atta Joules, energy unit, 10−18 J

Psi:

Pounds per square inch

PLS:

Proportional limit stress

μ-strains:

Microstrains

References

  1. Yueh K, Carpenter D, Feinroth H (2010) Clad in clay. Nucl Eng Int:14–16

    Google Scholar 

  2. Herderick ED, Cooper K, Ames N (2012) New approach to join SiC for accident-tolerant nuclear fuel cladding. Adv Mater Process 170(1):24–27

    Google Scholar 

  3. Azevedo CRF (2011) Selection of fuel cladding material for nuclear fission reactors. Eng Fail Anal 18:1943–1962

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  4. Desquines J, Koss DA, Motta AT, Cazalis B, Petit M (2011) The issue of stress state during mechanical tests to assess cladding performance during a reactivity-initiated accident (RIA). J Nucl Mater 412:250–267

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  5. Ben-Belgacem M, Richet V, Terrani KA, Katoh Y, Snead LL (2014) Thermo-mechanical analysis of LWR SiC/SiC composite cladding. J Nucl Mater 447:125–142

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  6. Chuck L, Graves GA (1997) Hoop tensile strength and fracture behavior of continuous fiber ceramic composite (CFCC) tubes from ambient to elevated temperatures. J Compos Technol Res 19(3):184–190

    Google Scholar 

  7. Huang X (2001) Mechanics and durability of fiber reinforced porous ceramic composites. Dissertation, Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

    Google Scholar 

  8. Nilsson KF, Martin O, Chenel-Ramos C, Mendes J (2011) The segmented expanding cone-mandrel test revisited as material characterization and component test for fuel claddings. Nucl Eng Des 241(2):445–458

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  9. Carter R (2006) Compressed Elastomer method for internal pressure testing. ARL-TR-3921, Army Research Laboratory

    Google Scholar 

  10. Back CA, Khalifa HE, Deck CP, Samuli B, Hilsabeck T (2012) Fabrication of SiC-SiC composites for fuel cladding in advanced reactor designs nuclear. Prog Eng 57:38–45

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  11. Sutton MA, Orteu JJ, Schreider HW (2009) Image correlation for shape, motion and deformation measurements. Springer, New York

    Google Scholar 

  12. Lyons JS, Liu J, Sutton MA (1995) High-temperature deformation measurements using digital-image correlation. Exp Mech 36:64–70

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  13. Seely FB, Smith JO (1952) Advanced mechanics of materials. Wiley, New York

    MATH  Google Scholar 

  14. Physical Acoustics Corporation (2007) PCI-2 Based AE System Manual

    Google Scholar 

  15. Nozawa T, Ozawa K, Tanigawa H (2013) Re-defining failure envelopes for silicon carbide composites based on damage process analysis by acoustic emission. Fusion Eng Des 88:2543–2546

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

This work is performed at the University of South Carolina, Mechanical Engineering Department in collaboration with General Atomics. Funding was provided by the Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy under the Accident Tolerant Fuel Program. We want to thank Dr. Michael Sutton, Dr. Li Ning, Mr. Patrick McNeill and Correlated Solutions Inc. for technical assistance in the DIC measurements.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Xinyu Huang .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2015 The Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc.

About this paper

Cite this paper

Alva, L.H., Huang, X., Jacobsen, G.M., Back, C.A. (2015). High Pressure Burst Testing of SiCf-SiCm Composite Nuclear Fuel Cladding. In: Jin, H., Sciammarella, C., Yoshida, S., Lamberti, L. (eds) Advancement of Optical Methods in Experimental Mechanics, Volume 3. Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-06986-9_46

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-06986-9_46

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-06985-2

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-06986-9

  • eBook Packages: EngineeringEngineering (R0)