Data Analytics and Human Trafficking

  • Kena Fedorschak
  • Srivatsav Kandala
  • Kevin C. Desouza
  • Rashmi Krishnamurthy
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8463)


Human trafficking is recognized internationally as an extreme form of violence against women, children, and men. Despite the fact that human trafficking is universally understood to be a burgeoning social problem, a paucity of data and insight into this issue exists. Data analytics has immense potential to elucidate trends in complex social data and inform future policy. We undertook a design science-inspired research approach to build datasets on human trafficking. Three prototypes are presented that describe the methodologies of human traffickers, display correlations between calls reporting suspected trafficking activity and various demographic data, and explicate the effectiveness of US anti-trafficking funding projects.


human trafficking sex trafficking data analytics 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Manyika, J., Chui, M., Brown, B., Bughin, J., Dobbs, R., Roxburgh, C., Byers, A.H.: Big data: The Next Frontier for Innovation, Competition, and Productivity. McKinsey Institute (2011)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Feuer, A.: New York Times: “The Mayor’s Geek Squad” (March 23, 2013), (accessed December 15, 2013)
  3. 3.
    International Labour Organization, ILO global estimate of forced labour: Results and methodology. International Labour Office, Geneva (2012)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Victims of Trafficking and Violence Prevention Act of 2000, P.L. 106-386 Stat. 114, 1464 (2000)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Belser, P.: Forced labour and human trafficking: Estimating the profits. Unpublished working paper, UN International Labour Organization, Geneva, Switzerland (2005)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wheaton, E.M., Schauer, E.J., Galli, T.V.: Economics of human trafficking. International Migration 48(4), 114–141 (2010), CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    U.S. Laws on Trafficking in Persons (2013), U.S. Department of State website: (retrieved October 31, 2013)
  8. 8.
    Farrell, A., Fahy, S.: The problem of human trafficking in the U.S.: Public frames and policy responses. Journal of Criminal Justice 37(6), 617–626 (2009), CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Fong, R., Cardoso, J.B.: Child human trafficking victims: Challenges for the child Welfare system. Evaluation and Program Planning 33(3), 311–316 (2010), CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tata, S.: Hundreds rally against human trafficking in Pomona (January 29, 2012), NBC website: (retrieved November 2013)
  11. 11.
    “Remarkable” prostitution ring had its wwn ad firm to maximize SEO (November 20, 2012), Gothamist website: (retrieved November 2013)
  12. 12.
    Latonero, M., Musto, J., Boyd, Z., Boyle, E., Bissel, A., Gibson, K., et al.: The rise of mobile and the diffusion of technology-facilitated trafficking. University of Southern California (2012)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mechanic, M.: MetaFilter saved my pals from sex traffickers—exclusive interview (May 21, 2010), MotherJones website: (retrieved November 2013)
  14. 14.
    Johnson, B.C.: Aftercare for survivors of human trafficking. Social Work & Christianity 39(4), 370–389 (2012)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Stolz, B.A.: Human trafficking policy. Criminology & Public Policy 9(2), 267–274 (2010), CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Farrell, A., McDevitt, J., Fahy, S.: Where are all the victims? Understanding the determinants of official identification of human trafficking incidents. American Society of Criminology 9(2), 201–233 (2010), Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tennant, D.: Using big data to fight human trafficking (February 9, 2013), ITBusinessEdge website: (retrieved November 2013)
  18. 18.
    Human trafficking reports (2013), Minnesota Department of Public Safety website: (retrieved November 2013)
  19. 19.
    Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005, P.L. 108-193, Stat. 117, 2875 (2005)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008, P.L. 110 457 Stat. (2008)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kerr, D.: Google battles human trafficking with global hotline (April 9, 2013), CNET website: (retrieved November 2013)
  22. 22.
    Hevner, A., March, S., Park, K., Ram, S.: Design science in information systems research. MIS Quarterly 28(1), 75–105 (2004)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Denning, P.J.: A New Social Contract for Research. Communications of the ACM 40(2), 132–134 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Vargas, V.: Long beach man accused of forcing women into prostitution (May 1, 2012), National Broadcasting Company website: (retrieved November 2013)
  25. 25.
    Harris, D.: 26-year-old Flint man charged with human trafficking, unlawful imprisonment (July 25, 2013), MLive website: (retrieved November 2013)
  26. 26.
    Couple Pleads Guilty To Smuggling Filipino Nationals Into The US (May 6, 2011), CBS website: (retrieved November 2013)
  27. 27.
    Truckers against trafficking (2012), Truckers Against Trafficking website: (retrieved November 2013)
  28. 28.
    United States Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons. U.S. Government Funded Anti-Trafficking Programs, (retrieved July 15, 2013)
  29. 29.
    Yin, R.: Case study research: Design and methods, 3rd edn. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks (2003)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Greene, W.: Econometric Analysis. Prentice Hall, New Jersey (1993)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kena Fedorschak
    • 1
  • Srivatsav Kandala
    • 1
  • Kevin C. Desouza
    • 1
  • Rashmi Krishnamurthy
    • 1
  1. 1.Decision TheaterArizona State UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations