Extending the Fitness-Utility Model for Management Artifacts in IS Design Science Research
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This paper proposes an extended fitness-utility model for management artifacts in IS DSR – such as artifacts for IT management or IT project management. It connects the elements of Gill and Hevner’s fitness-utility model to different phases of an artifact lifecycle and different types of artifact relevance. It is shown that, due to the nature of management artifacts compared to IT artifacts, management artifacts are to be evaluated in terms of conceptual – and not instrumental – relevance and highlighted that different aspects of fitness are important for abstract and instantiated artifacts to sustain long-term utility. Based on these findings, a first version of an extended fitness-utility model is proposed. It is substantiated based on selected findings from empirical research about important factors for adoption of IS/IT management artifacts of practice. IS researchers who want to design IS/IT management or IT project management artifacts can use the extended fitness-utility model to explicitly consider relevant aspects of fitness already during design-time of their artifacts.
Keywordsfitness utility artifacts relevance management artifacts fitnessutility model
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