Concluding Remarks

  • Pradipta BiswasEmail author
Part of the Human–Computer Interaction Series book series (HCIS)


The first computer science course was the ‘Diploma in Numerical Analysis and Automatic Computing’, taught at University of Cambridge Computer Laboratory, starting in 1953. In India, the Indian Institute of Technology at Kanpur (IIT, Kanpur) pioneered ‘computer science education with the initial computer-related courses starting in August 1963 on an IBM 1620 system’. Interestingly, this 10-year gap was also present in widespread adoption of computers and related interactive technology in India. While personal computers were widespread in late 1980s in developed countries, it was not until the late 1990s and early 2000s that computers become widely available to common Indian users. The result was a middle-aged and elderly generation that did not ‘grow up’ with computers. They can feel the benefit of computing and information technology in their work but still find existing interfaces non-intuitive or difficult to learn and remember.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EngineeringUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUnited Kingdom

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