Road Vehicle Automation

Part of the series Lecture Notes in Mobility pp 229-245


Toward a Systematic Approach to the Design and Evaluation of Automated Mobility-on-Demand Systems: A Case Study in Singapore

  • Kevin SpieserAffiliated withMassachusetts Institute of Technology
  • , Kyle TreleavenAffiliated withMassachusetts Institute of Technology
  • , Rick ZhangAffiliated withStanford University
  • , Emilio FrazzoliAffiliated withMassachusetts Institute of Technology Email author 
  • , Daniel MortonAffiliated withSingapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology
  • , Marco PavoneAffiliated withStanford University

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The objective of this work is to provide analytical guidelines and financial justification for the design of shared-vehicle mobility-on-demand systems. Specifically, we consider the fundamental issue of determining the appropriate number of vehicles to field in the fleet, and estimate the financial benefits of several models of car sharing. As a case study, we consider replacing all modes of personal transportation in a city such as Singapore with a fleet of shared automated vehicles, able to drive themselves, e.g., to move to a customer’s location. Using actual transportation data, our analysis suggests a shared-vehicle mobility solution can meet the personal mobility needs of the entire population with a fleet whose size is approximately 1/3 of the total number of passenger vehicles currently in operation.


Autonomous vehicles Self-driving cars Car sharing Mobility on demand