A Survey on Intelligent Wheelchair Prototypes and Simulators

  • Brígida Mónica Faria
  • Luís Paulo Reis
  • Nuno Lau
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 275)


Nowadays more than 700 million persons around the world have some kind of disability or handicap. During the last decades the elderly population in most of the European countries and across all the most civilized countries is also growing at an increasing pace. This phenomenon is receiving increasing attention from the scientific community, during the last years, and several solutions are being proposed in order to allow a more independent life to the people belonging to those groups. In this context Intelligent Wheelchairs (IW) are instruments that are a natural development of the scientific work that has been conducted to improve the traditional Wheelchair characteristics using health informatics, assistive robotics and human computer interface technologies. Some of the most important features of the IW are their navigation capabilities and automatic adaptation of their interface to the user. This paper presents the evolution and state of art concerning IWs prototypes and simulators and intelligent human-computer interfaces in the context of this devices. Our study enabled us to conclude that although several Intelligent Wheelchair prototypes are being developed in a large number of research projects, around the world, the adaptation of their user interface to the patient is an often neglected research topic. Thus, projects aiming at developing new concepts of Intelligent Wheelchairs are needed mainly using multimodal interfaces and wheelchair interfaces adapted to the user characteristics.


Health Informatics Human-Computer Interfaces Simulation Intelligent Wheelchairs Wheelchair’s Simulators 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brígida Mónica Faria
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Luís Paulo Reis
    • 3
    • 4
  • Nuno Lau
    • 2
    • 5
  1. 1.ESTSP/IPP – Esc. Sup. de Tecnologia da Saúde do PortoInst. Polit. do PortoPortoPortugal
  2. 2.IEETA – Instituto de Eng. Electrónica e Telemática de AveiroAveiroPortugal
  3. 3.Lab. Inteligência Artificial e Ciência de ComputadoresLIACCPortoPortugal
  4. 4.EEUM/DSI - Escola de Engenharia da Universidade do MinhoGuimarãesPortugal
  5. 5.DETI/UA – Dep. Eletrónica, Telecomunicações e InformáticaUniv. AveiroAveiroPortugal

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