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What is Revolutionary in the Legal Construction of Modern States?

  • Jean-Louis HalpérinEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Studies in the History of Law and Justice book series (SHLJ, volume 1)

Abstract

If one agrees to see the beginning of Modern States in Europe during the sixteenth and the seventeenth centuries, the issue of the legal criteria for identifying such a revolution is more controversial. What are the differences between a city, an Empire, a decentralized pre-modern State and a modern State? This chapter focuses on the sea change in the use of legal sources (notably the growth of statutory norms) and on the rulers’ policy for reforming legal professions. The origins of the so-called “hierarchy of norms” are also questioned, in the context of great European kingdoms and colonial powers. The conclusion is in favour of these criteria for identifying a true legal revolution achieved in Modern States since the seventeenth century, first in Europe, then (until today) in the whole of the world.

Keywords

Eighteenth Century Seventeenth Century Sixteenth Century Modern State Legal Order 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social SciencesEcole Normale SupérieureParisFrance

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