A Review on Age Identification Techniques for Non-human in Forensic Anthropology

  • Nur A. Sahadun
  • Mohammed R. A. Kadir
  • Habibollah Haron
Part of the Studies in Computational Intelligence book series (SCI, volume 555)


Forensic Anthropology is an application of anthropology techniques to modern human and non-human remains for law enforcement. In general, the forensic anthropologist provides a basic biological profile of the decedent to aid in identification. This biological profile usually includes age, sex, height, ancestry, and postmortem interval. Identifications of the age for un-known birth date non-human provide useful information for variety of circumstances. A comparison of different techniques for age determination on non-human for certain species with regard to their accuracy based on published original data can be performed only with severe limitations. Once the age is known, it can be used for further information on determination gender, ancestry, stature, knowing the time and cause of death of corpse. This paper presents a review on techniques in identifying age for non-human cases regardless the specimen of data. Focusing only on age determination, it covers all range of techniques from physical maturity measurement on growth, development of dentition, development of lenses protein, mathematical computation and soft computing and artificial intelligence approach. There are five aspects in age determination will be discussed namely issues and problems, parameter in measurement, specimen, techniques used, and methodology. The paper is ended with conclusion that leads to a proposal on new trend and techniques to determine age for non-human in forensic anthropology.


Forensic Anthropology Age Determination Skeletal Remains non-human dentition lenses protein Behavior Soft-Computing Techniques 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nur A. Sahadun
    • 1
  • Mohammed R. A. Kadir
    • 2
  • Habibollah Haron
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of ComputingUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaSkudaiMalaysia
  2. 2.Faculty of BioScience and Medical EngineeringUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaSkudaiMalaysia

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