Detecting Counterfeit RFID Tags Using Digital Forensic

  • JingHuey Khor
  • Widad Ismail
  • Mohammad Ghulam Rahman
Part of the Studies in Computational Intelligence book series (SCI, volume 555)


Radio frequency identification (RFID) tag counterfeiting issue is prevalent throughout the world, especially in the access control and information technology sectors. Counterfeit detection is vital in digital forensic practices, especially for counterfeit RFID tag analysis. Hence, electronic fingerprint matching method is proposed to be used as a detection mechanism to detect counterfeit tags. The electronic fingerprint matching method is presented in the digital forensic investigation model that consists of seven phases.The received and backscatter powers of tag are proposed to be used as unique electronic fingerprint in the fingerprint matching method. Two statistical tests, namely, t-test and ANOVA test, are used in the fingerprint matching method. Five fingerprint matching methods are presented and are categorized based on the power response of tag and the statistical test used. Method V which uses three way ANOVA test to analyze backscatter power of tag has the most accurate results. This is because Method V has the highest area under curve (AUC) (0.999) and lowest equal error rate (EER) (0.01) values. Besides that, the false acceptance rate (FAR) and false rejection rate (FRR) obtained are 0.1 % and 1.3 %, respectively. Therefore, the proposed Method V has been proven able to detect counterfeit tags efficiently.


Counterfeit EPCglobal Class-1 Generation-2 Fingerprinting Matching Method RFID 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • JingHuey Khor
    • 1
  • Widad Ismail
    • 1
  • Mohammad Ghulam Rahman
    • 1
  1. 1.Auto-ID Laboratory, School of Electrical and Electronic EngineeringUniversiti Sains Malaysia (USM)Nibong TebalMalaysia

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