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Irrigation Economics

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Abstract

Economics is the fundamental decision criterion in irrigation and drainage engineering. This chapter helps answer the following questions. Does the improvement in crop income and/or reduction in labor, energy, and water costs justify the capital expense of a new irrigation system? Which alternative irrigation system provides the highest profit and least environmental contamination? What is the optimal rate of water application? Engineering economic analysis uses the project life and expected rate of return to compare the expected present and future costs and benefits of proposed irrigation systems. If the system is profitable at the required rate of return, then the decision is made to invest in the system. Crop water production functions (CWPF) that have been developed in experiments show the relationship between seasonal depth of water applied and crop yield. Combined with water and energy cost information, they enable the calculation of the optimal depth of water application

Keywords

Irrigation economics Production function Environmental cost Engineering economics Cash flow 

References

  1. Brown M, Carter D, Bondurant J (1974) Sediment in irrigation and drainage waters and sediment inputs and outputs for two large tracts in Southern Idaho. J Environ Qual 3(4):347–351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cuenca RH (1989) Irrigation system design. Prentice Hall, Englewood CliffsGoogle Scholar
  3. Grimes DW, El-Zik KM (1990) Cotton. In: Stewart BA, Nielsen DR (eds) Irrigation of agricultural crops. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, pp 741–773, Monograph # 30Google Scholar
  4. Irrigation Association. Turf and landscape best management practices. http://www.irrigation.org/landscapebmps/

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Agricultural and Biosystems EngineeringUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA

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