Application of the Chaos Theory in the Analysis of EMG on Patients with Facial Paralysis

  • Anbin Xiong
  • Xingang Zhao
  • Jianda Han
  • Guangjun Liu
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 274)


Surface electromyography (sEMG) has been widely applied to disease diagnosis, pathologic analysis and rehabilitation evaluation. It is the nonlinear summation of the electrical activity of the motor units in a muscle and can reflect the state of neuromuscular function. Traditional linear and statistical analysis methods have some significant limitations due to the short-term stationary and lower signal-noise ratio of sEMG. In this paper, we introduce chaotic analysis into the field of sEMG process to investigate the hidden nonlinear characteristics of sEMG of patients with facial paralysis. sEMG on the bilateral masseter, levator labii superioris and frontalis of the 21 patients is recorded. Chaotic analysis is employed to extract new features, including correlation dimension, Lyapunov exponent, approximate entropy and so on. We discover the maximum Lyapunov exponents are all greater than 0, indicating that sEMG is a chaotic signal; correlation dimensions of sEMG on healthy sides are all smaller than that of diseased sides; and inversely, the approximate entropies of healthy sides are all greater than that of diseased sides. Consequently, chaotic analysis can provide a new insight into the complexity of the EMG and may be a vital indicator of diagnosis and recovery assessment of facial paralysis.


sEMG chaotic analysis features extraction facial paralysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anbin Xiong
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xingang Zhao
    • 1
  • Jianda Han
    • 1
  • Guangjun Liu
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Robotics, Shenyang Institute of Automation (SIA)Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)ShenyangChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)BeijingChina
  3. 3.Department of Aerospace EngineeringRyerson UniversityTorontoCanada

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