Multichannel Contributions in Nonsequential Double Ionisation of \(\mathrm{{CO}}_2\)

Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)


In this chapter the molecular alignment dependence of recollision induced double ionisation is studied.


High Occupied Molecular Orbital Probe Pulse Nodal Plane Double Ionisation Molecular Alignment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    X.M. Tong, Z.X. Zhao, C.D. Lin, Theory of molecular tunneling ionization. Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033402 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. Villeneuve, P. Corkum, M.Y. Ivanov, High harmonic interferometry of multi-electron dynamics in molecules. Nature 460(7258), 972–977 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    P.B. Corkum, Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization. Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994–1997 (1993)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. Baker, J.S. Robinson, C.A. Haworth, H. Teng, R.A. Smith, C.C. Chiril, M. Lein, J.W.G. Tisch, J.P. Marangos, Probing proton dynamics in molecules on an attosecond time scale. Science 312(5772), 424–427 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    H.J. Worner, J.B. Bertrand, D.V. Kartashov, P.B. Corkum, D.M. Villeneuve, Following a chemical reaction using high-harmonic interferometry. Nature 466(7306), 604–607 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pepin, J.C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals. Nature 432(7019), 867–871 (2004)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, I. Procino, J.G. Underwood, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, E. Springate, C. Froud, I.C.E. Turcu, M.Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, J.P. Marangos, Extension of high harmonic spectroscopy in molecules by a 1300 nm laser field. Opt. Express 18(3), 3174–3180 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    L. Keldysh, Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave. Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307–1314 (1965)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    B.K. McFarland, J.P. Farrell, P.H. Bucksbaum, M. Guhr, High harmonic generation from multiple orbitals in N\(_2\). Science 322, 1232–1235 (2008)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    W. Boutu, S. Haessler, H. Merdji, P. Breger, G. Waters, M. Stankiewicz, L.J. Frasinski, R. Taieb, J. Caillat, A. Maquet, P. Monchicourt, B. Carre, P. Salieres, Coherent control of attosecond emission from aligned molecules. Nat. Phys. 4(7), 545–549 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    X. Jia, W. Li, J. Liu, J. Chen, Alignment-dependent nonsequential double ionization of N\(_2\) in intense laser fields: the role of different valence orbitals. Phys. Rev. A 80, 053405 (2009)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    D. Pavicic, K.F. Lee, D.M. Rayner, P.B. Corkum, D.M. Villeneuve, Direct measurement of the angular dependence of ionization for N\(_{2}\), O\(_{2}\), and CO\(_{2}\) in intense laser fields. Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(24), 243001 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Abu-samha, L.B. Madsen, Theory of strong-field ionization of aligned CO\(_2\). Phys. Rev. A 80(2), 023401 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    G.A. Gallup, I.I. Fabrikant, Semiclassical complex-time method for tunneling ionization: molecular suppression and orientational dependence. Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 033417 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    S. Petretti, Y.V. Vanne, A. Saenz, A. Castro, P. Decleva, Alignment-dependent ionization of N\(_{2}\), O\(_{2}\), and CO\(_{2}\) in intense laser fields. Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(22), 223001 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    R. Murray, M. Spanner, S. Patchkovskii, M.Y. Ivanov, Tunnel ionization of molecules and orbital imaging. Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(17), 173001 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    L. Torlina, M. Ivanov, Z.B. Walters, O. Smirnova, Time-dependent analytical r-matrix approach for strong-field dynamics. II. many-electron systems. Phys. Rev. A 86, 043409 (2012)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    D.N. Fittinghoff, P.R. Bolton, B. Chang, K.C. Kulander, Polarization dependence of tunneling ionization of helium and neon by 120-fs pulses at 614 nm. Phys. Rev. A 49, 2174 (1994)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C.D. Schrter, J. Deipenwisch, J.R.C. Lopez-Urrutia, C. Höhr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, W. Sandner, Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling. Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043003 (2001)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    A. Rudenko, T. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, V.L.B. de Jesus, C.D. Schrter, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, From non-sequential to sequential strong-field multiple ionization: identification of pure and mixed reaction channels. J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41(8), 081006 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    A.S. Alnaser, D. Comtois, A.T. Hasan, D.M. Villeneuve, J. Kieffer, I.V. Litvinyuk, Strong-field non-sequential double ionization: wavelength dependence of ion momentum distributions for neon and argon. J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41(3), 031001 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    C. Guo, M. Li, J.P. Nibarger, G.N. Gibson, Single and double ionization of diatomic molecules in strong laser fields. Phys. Rev. A 58, R4271 (1998)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    C. Cornaggia, P. Hering, Nonsequential double ionization of small molecules induced by a femtosecond laser field. Phys. Rev. A 62(2), 023403 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    L. Pei, C. Guo, Nonsequential double ionization of triatomic molecules in strong laser fields. Phys. Rev. A 82(2), 021401 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    K.S. Budil, P. Salies, M.D. Perry, A. L’Huillier, Influence of ellipticity on harmonic generation. Phys. Rev. A 48, R3437 (1993)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    V.R. Bhardwaj, D.M. Rayner, D.M. Villeneuve, P.B. Corkum, Quantum interference in double ionization and fragmentation of C\(_{6}\)H\(_{6}\) in intense laser fields. Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253003 (2001)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    A.S. Alnaser, C.M. Maharjan, X.M. Tong, B. Ulrich, P. Ranitovic, B. Shan, Z. Chang, C.D. Lin, C.L. Cocke, I.V. Litvinyuk, Effects of orbital symmetries in dissociative ionization of molecules by few-cycle laser pulses. Phys. Rev. A 71, 031403 (2005)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, A.B. Bardon, D.M. Villeneuve, R. Dorner, P.B. Corkum, Controlling attosecond double ionization dynamics via molecular alignment. Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 203003 (2005)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    J. Liu, D.F. Ye, J. Chen, X. Liu, Complex dynamics of correlated electrons in molecular double ionization by an ultrashort intense laser pulse. Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 013003 (2007)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Y. Li, J. Chen, S.P. Yang, J. Liu, Alignment effect in nonsequential double ionization of diatomic molecules in strong laser fields. Phys. Rev. A 76(2), 023401 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    S.J. Weber, M. Oppermann, M.Y. Ivanov, J.P. Marangos, Ellipticity dependence of strong field electron recollision for molecular structural imaging. J. Mod. Opt. 60, 1379–1387 (2013)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    M. Oppermann, S.J. Weber, L.J. Frasinski, M.Y. Ivanov, J.P. Marangos, Multichannel contributions in the nonsequential double ionization of CO\(_2\). Phys. Rev. A 88, 043432 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    E.M. Bahati, J.J. Jureta, D.S. Belic, S. Rachafi, P. Defrance, Electron impact ionization and dissociation of CO\(_2^+\) to C\(^+\) and O\(^+\). J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 34, 1757–1767 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    R. Bombach, J. Dannacher, J.-P. Stadelmann, J.C. Lorquet, Branching ratios and partition of the excess energy for the predissociation of CO\(_2^+\) \(\tilde{C} ^2{\Sigma }^+_g\) molecular cations. J. Chem. Phys. 79, 4214 (1983)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    A.E. Slattery, T.A. Field, M. Ahmad, R.I. Hall, J. Lambourne, F. Penent, P. Lablanquie, J.H.D. Eland, Spectroscopy and metastability of CO\(_2^{2+}\) molecular ions, J. Chem. Phys. 122, 084317–084317-13 (2005)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsImperial CollegeLondonUK

Personalised recommendations