Advertisement

Introduction

Chapter
  • 307 Downloads
Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Abstract

Molecular physicists face a dilemma. They’d love to study the microscopic world inside molecules and shed light onto the fundamental dynamics that drive chemical and biological processes.

Keywords

Laser Field Femtosecond Laser Pulse Strong Field Double Ionisation Laser Polarisation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    F. Krausz, M. Ivanov, Attosecond physics. Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    A.H. Zewail, Laser femtochemistry. Science 242, 1645–1653 (1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    P. Eckle, A.N. Pfeiffer, C. Cirelli, A. Staudte, R. Dörner, H.G. Muller, M. Büttiker, U. Keller, Attosecond ionization and tunneling delay time measurements in helium. Science 322, 1525–1529 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    D. Shafir, H. Soifer, B.D. Bruner, M. Dagan, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, M.Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, N. Dudovich, Resolving the time when an electron exits a tunnelling barrier. Nature 485, 343–346 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    T. Brabec, F. Krausz, Intense few-cycle laser fields:frontiers of nonlinear optics. Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    T. Witting, F. Frank, C.A. Arrell, W.A. Okell, J.P. Marangos, J.W.G. Tisch, Characterization of high-intensity sub-4-fs laser pulses using spatially encoded spectral shearing interferometry. Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1680–1682 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    H.J. Wörner, J.B. Bertrand, B. Fabre, J. Higuet, H. Ruf, A. Dubrouil, S. Patchkovskii, M. Spanner, Y. Mairesse, V. Blanchet, E. Mvel, E. Constant, P.B. Corkum, D.M. Villeneuve, Conical intersection dynamics in NO\(_2\) probed by homodyne high-harmonic spectroscopy. Science 334, 208–212 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    P. Hockett, C.Z. Bisgaard, O.J. Clarkin, A. Stolow, Time-resolved imaging of purely valence-electron dynamics during a chemical reaction. Nat. Phys. 7, 612–615 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    A.E. Boguslavskiy, J. Mikosch, A. Gijsbertsen, M. Spanner, S. Patchkovskii, N. Gador, M.J.J. Vrakking, A. Stolow, The multielectron ionization dynamics underlying attosecond strong-field spectroscopies. Science 335, 1336–1340 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    F. Frank, C. Arrell, T. Witting, W. A. Okell, J. McKenna, J.S. Robinson, C.A. Haworth, D. Austin, H. Teng, I.A. Walmsley, J.P. Marangos, J. W.G. Tisch, Invited review article: technology for attosecond science, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83( 7), 071101–071101–23 (2012)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    H. Stapelfeldt, T. Seideman, Colloquium: aligning molecules with strong laser pulses. Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 543 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    D. Pavicic, K.F. Lee, D.M. Rayner, P.B. Corkum, D.M. Villeneuve, Direct measurement of the angular dependence of ionization for N\(_{2}\), O\(_{2}\), and CO\(_{2}\) in intense laser fields. Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(24), 243001 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    O. Smirnova, Y. Mairesse, S. Patchkovskii, N. Dudovich, D. Villeneuve, P. Corkum, M.Y. Ivanov, High harmonic interferometry of multi-electron dynamics in molecules. Nature 460(7258), 972–977 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    L. Torlina, M. Ivanov, Z.B. Walters, O. Smirnova, Time-dependent analytical r-matrix approach for strong-field dynamics II many-electron systems. Phys. Rev. A 86, 043409 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    M.T. Praet, J.C. Lorquet, G. Raseev, Unimolecular reaction paths of electronically excited species iv. the \(^2\sigma ^+_g\) state of CO\(^+_2\). J. Chem. Phys. 77(9), 4611–4618 (1982)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    J. McKenna, M. Suresh, B. Srigengan, I.D. Williams, W.A. Bryan, E.M.L. English, S.L. Stebbings, W.R. Newell, I.C.E. Turcu, J.M. Smith, E.J. Divall, C.J. Hooker, A.J. Langley, J.L. Collier, Rescattering-enhanced dissociation of a molecular ion. Phys. Rev. A 74, 043409 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    P.B. Corkum, Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization. Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994–1997 (1993)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. Lein, Molecular imaging using recolliding electrons. J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 40(16), R135–R173 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    S. Baker, J.S. Robinson, C.A. Haworth, H. Teng, R.A. Smith, C.C. Chiril, M. Lein, J.W.G. Tisch, J.P. Marangos, Probing proton dynamics in molecules on an attosecond time scale. Science 312(5772), 424–427 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    H. Niikura, F. Legare, R. Hasbani, M.Y. Ivanov, D.M. Villeneuve, P.B. Corkum, Probing molecular dynamics with attosecond resolution using correlated wave packet pairs. Nature 421, 826–829 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    H.J. Worner, J.B. Bertrand, D.V. Kartashov, P.B. Corkum, D.M. Villeneuve, Following a chemical reaction using high-harmonic interferometry. Nature 466(7306), 604–607 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pepin, J.C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, D.M. Villeneuve, Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals. Nature 432( 7019), 867–871 (2004)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsImperial CollegeLondonUK

Personalised recommendations