Chemical Definitions

Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)


This chapter describes the basic chemical definitions needed to understand the proposed optimization method based on the paradigm of chemical reactions. The four basic chemical reactions are presented and explained.


Chemical reactions Chemical definitions Elements Compounds 


  1. 1.
    R. Chang, General Chemistry (McGraw-Hill, New York, 2004)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leslie Astudillo
    • 1
  • Patricia Melin
    • 1
  • Oscar Castillo
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Graduate StudiesTijuana Institute of TechnologyTijuanaMexico

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