Introduction to Digital Computers and Bio-molecular Computer

  • Weng-Long Chang
  • Athanasios V. Vasilakos
Part of the Studies in Big Data book series (SBD, volume 4)


Today the term “Computer Science” has a very broad meaning. From the viewpoint of computing characteristic, “Computer Science” actually contains a digital computer (Turing 1936, von Neumann 1956), bio-molecular computer (Adleman 1994) and quantum computing (Deutsch 1985). Because the discussion for quantum computing exceeds the scope of this book, thus, we do not introduce “quantum computing”.


  1. L.M. Adleman, Molecular computation of solutions to combinatorial problems. Science, 226 (1994), pp. 1021−1024Google Scholar
  2. L. M. Adleman, in On constructing a molecular computer, eds. by R. Lipton and E. Baum. DNA based computers. DIMACS: series in Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science (American Mathematical Society, Providence, 1996), pp. 1–21Google Scholar
  3. L.M. Adleman, Computing with DNA. Sci. Am, 279(2) (1998), pp. 54−61Google Scholar
  4. D. Deutsch, Quantum theory, the Church-Turing principle and the universal quantum computer. Proc Roy Soc Lond A 400, 400–497 (1985)Google Scholar
  5. B. Forouzan, F. Mosharraf, in Foundations of Computer Science, 2nd edn. (Thomson, London, 2008). ISBN: 978-1-84480-700-0Google Scholar
  6. J. von Neumann, in Probabilistic Logics and the Synthesis of Reliable Organisms from Unreliable Components (Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1956), pp. 329–378Google Scholar
  7. A. Turing, On computable numbers, with an application to the entscheidungsproblem. Proc. Lond. Math. Soc. Ser. 2, 42, 230−265 and 43, 544–546 (1936)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and Information EngineeringNational Kaohsiung University of Applied SciencesKaohsiungRepublic of China
  2. 2.Computer Science DepartmentKuwait UniversitySafatKuwait

Personalised recommendations