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Criteria for Worldview Comparison

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The Beginning and the End

Part of the book series: The Frontiers Collection ((FRONTCOLL))

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Philosophy lacks criteria to evaluate its philosophical theories. To fill this gap, in this chapter we introduce nine criteria to compare worldviews, classified in three broad categories: objective criteria (objective consistency, scientificity, scope), subjective criteria (subjective consistency, personal utility, emotionality), and intersubjective criteria (intersubjective consistency, collective utility, narrativity). We first expose the heuristic used in the quest for criteria. After describing each criterion individually, the heuristic shows what happens when each of them is violated. From the criteria, we derive assessment tests to compare and improve different worldviews, which operate across the six dimensions of philosophy. These include the first-order tests is-ought, ought-act, and is-act; the critical and dialectical second-order tests; the mixed-questions and synthetic third-order tests. The we-I, we-it, and it-I tests operate across objective, subjective, and intersubjective worlds.

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Correspondence to Clément Vidal .

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Vidal, C. (2014). Criteria for Worldview Comparison. In: The Beginning and the End. The Frontiers Collection. Springer, Cham.

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