Advertisement

Investigations on Indium Tin Oxide Based Optically Transparent Terahertz E-shaped Patch Antenna

  • S. Anand
  • Mayur Sudesh Darak
  • D. Sriram Kumar
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 264)

Abstract

An optically transparent microstrip patch antenna is designed and its radiation characteristics are analyzed in 706 - 794 GHz band. Terahertz communication systems offer advantages such as broad bandwidth, low transmit power, secured wireless communication and compactness. It has applications in various fields like hidden object detection, imaging and sensing. In the proposed antenna, transparent conducting indium tin oxide thin film is used as a radiating patch and a ground plane material. The entire antenna structure is optically transparent in the visible spectrum region. The proposed antenna is simulated using Ansoft – HFSS, a finite element method (FEM) based electromagnetic solver.

Keywords

Transparent antenna Terahertz Transparent conducting materials Patch antenna Indium tin oxide Terahertz antenna 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Dragoman, M., Muller, A.A., Dragoman, D., Coccetti, F., Plana, R.: Terahertz antenna based on graphene. Journal of Applied Physics 107, 104313–104313 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Llatser, I., Christian, K., Albert, C.-A., Josep, M.J., Eduard, A., Dmitry, N.C.: Graphene-based nano-patch antenna for terahertz radiation. Photonics and Nanostructures-Fundamentals and Applications 10, 353–358 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jornet, J.M., Ian, F.A.: Graphene-based nano-antennas for electromagnetic nanocommunications in the terahertz band. In: 2010 Proceedings of the Fourth European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), pp. 1–5. IEEE (2010)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Tamagnone, M., Juan, S.G.-D., Juan, R.M., Julien, P.-C.: Reconfigurable terahertz plasmonic antenna concept using a graphene stack. Applied Physics Letters 101, 214102 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Huang, Y., Lin-Sheng, W., Min, T., Junfa, M.: Design of a beam reconfigurable THz antenna with graphene-based switchable high-impedance surface. IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology 11, 836–842 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kingsley, N., Dimitrios, E.A., Manos, T., John, P.: RF MEMS sequentially reconfigurable sierpinski antenna on a flexible organic substrate with novel DC-biasing technique. Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems 16, 1185–1192 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yashchyshyn, Y.: Reconfigurable antennas by RF switches technology. In: 2009 5th International Conference on MEMSTECH 2009, pp. 155–157. IEEE (2009)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tonouchi, M.: Cutting-edge terahertz technology. Nature Photonics 1, 97–105 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sharma, A., Singh, G.: Rectangular microstirp patch antenna design at THz frequency for short distance wireless communication systems. Journal of Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves 30, 1–7 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kemp, M.C., Taday, P.F., Bryan, E.C., Cluff, J.A., Anthony, J.F., William, R.T.: Security applications of terahertz technology. In: International Society for Optics and Photonics, AeroSense 2003, pp. 44–52 (2003)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Galoda, S., Singh, G.: Fighting terrorism with terahertz. IEEE Potentials 26, 24–29 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Luk, K.M., Mak, C.L., Chow, Y.L., Lee, K.F.: Broadband microstrip patch antenna. Electronics Letters 34, 1442–1443 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Song, H.J., Tsung, Y.H., Daniel, F.S., Hui, P.H., James, S., Eray, Y.: A method for improving the efficiency of transparent film antennas. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 7, 753–756 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Oh, B.-Y., Jeong, M.-C., Moon, T.-H., Lee, W., Myoung, J.-M., Hwang, J.-Y., Seo, D.-S.: Transparent conductive Al-doped ZnO films for liquid crystal displays. Journal of Applied Physics 99, 124505–124505 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Pasquier, A.D., Husnu, E.U., Alokik, K., Steve, M., Manish, C.: Conducting and transparent single-wall carbon nanotube electrodes for polymer-fullerene solar cells. Applied Physics Letters 87, 203511–203511 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Gu, G., Bulovic, V., Burrows, P.E., Forrest, S.R., Thompson, M.E.: Transparent organic light emitting devices. Applied Physics Letters 68, 2606–2608 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    De, S., Thomas, M.H., Philip, E.L., Evelyn, M.D., Peter, N.N., Werner, J.B., John, J.B., Jonathan, N.C.: Silver nanowire networks as flexible, transparent, conducting films: extremely high DC to optical conductivity ratios. ACS Nano 3, 1767–1774 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Katsounaros, A., Yang, H., Collings, N., Crossland, W.A.: Optically transparent ultra- wideband antenna. Electronics Letters 45, 722–723 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Minami, T.: Transparent conducting oxide semiconductors for transparent electrodes. Semiconductor Science and Technology 20, S35 (2005)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Granqvist, C.G., Hultåker, A.: Transparent and conducting ITO films: new developments and applications. Thin Solid Films 411, 1–5 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Saberin, J.R., Cynthia, F.: Challenges with Optically Transparent Patch Antennas. IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine 54, 10–16 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Balanis, C.A.: Antenna theory: analysis and design. John Wiley & Sons (2012)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Jha, K.R., Singh, G.: Effect of low dielectric permittivity on microstrip antenna at terahertz frequency. Optik-International Journal for Light and Electron Optics 124, 5777–5780 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Pozar, D.M.: Microstrip antennas. Proceedings of the IEEE 80, 79–91 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Carver, K., Mink, J.: Microstrip antenna technology. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 29, 2–24 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Anand
    • 1
  • Mayur Sudesh Darak
    • 1
  • D. Sriram Kumar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyTiruchirappalliIndia

Personalised recommendations