Inanimate Bodies Start Moving by Themselves
This chapter concerns the XIX century. In the first section of the chapter Coriolis’ studies on relative motion and Hamilton’s formulation of the laws of mechanics are presented. The second section deals with applied mechanics, a discipline cultivated by the emerging figure of the scientific engineer. The case study of undershot waterwheels has been given a quite large space. The contributions of physicists and engineers such as Poncelet, Poisson and Coriolis are presented. A hint is also given to the theory of elasticity that became an essential tool in the design of machines. The chapter ends with the discussion of thermodynamical issues and the fundaments of thermal machines.