Renewable Energy-Based Mini-Grid for Rural Electrification: Case Study of an Indian Village

  • Rohit Sen
  • Subhes C. Bhattacharyya
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


Although off-grid electrification has become a cost-effective and convenient option for many non-electrified areas, generally stand-alone individual options receive greater attention; and when mini-grid-based solutions are considered, traditionally a single technology-based limited level of supply is often considered, without paying attention to reliable round-the-clock supply of electricity. This chapter considers a hybrid combination of renewable energy technologies (RETs) as an alternative to grid extension for remote areas. Applying HOMER software, this study presents an analysis for choosing the best hybrid RET system for an Indian village and compares the result with conventional grid extension. It provides a systematic load demand analysis of the village, simulates optimal sizing of a hybrid system, calculates the economical distance limit (EDL) beyond which the use of the grid extension is not cost-effective and shows that the use of decentralised RET systems at an off-grid location can be a relevant option. HOMER results show that the solution is sustainable and techno-economically viable and environmentally sound.


Wind Turbine Hybrid System Load Demand Replacement Cost Renewable Energy Technology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Cost of Energy




Economical Distance Limit


Renewable Energy Technology


Renewable Energy Sources


Green House Gases


Life-Cycle Cost


Levelised Unit Cost of Electricity


Net Present Cost


Operation and Maintenance


Bioenergy Technology


Transmission and Distribution


Solar Photovoltaics


Biodiesel Generator


Small Hydropower


100 % Pure Biodiesel


Diesel Generator


Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, India


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.TERI—The Energy and Resources InstituteNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Institute of Energy and Sustainable Development, De Montfort UniversityLeicesterUK

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