Advertisement

Inspection Procedures for Effective GPR Sensing and Mapping of Underground Utilities and Voids, with a Focus to Urban Areas

  • Christina PlatiEmail author
  • Xavier Dérobert
Chapter
Part of the Springer Transactions in Civil and Environmental Engineering book series (STICEE)

Abstract

Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) has proved its ability to act as a powerful geophysical non-destructive tool for subsurface investigations. The remarkable technological developments have increased, among others, the practice of GPR in sensing and mapping utilities and voids. In particular, GPR is effectively used to locate and map objects such as pipes, drums, tanks, cables and underground features or to detect subsurface voids related to subsidence and erosion of ground materials. Furthermore, deploying GPR methods prior to directional drilling prevents damage to existing utilities, thus resulting in cost effective installations. In that frame, this paper presents some studies showing the GPR performances and limitations, from single-channel systems to the potential of multi-channel 3D imaging and integrating systems.

Keywords

Grind Penetrate Radar Grind Penetrate Radar Data Grind Penetrate Radar Profile Grind Penetrate Radar Survey Continuously Reinforce Concrete Pavement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work is a contribution to COST Action TU1208 “Civil Engineering Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar”.

References

  1. Annan, A.P.: Ground Penentrating Radar Principles, Procedures and Applications: Sensors and Software Incorporated (2003)Google Scholar
  2. Benedetti, M., Franceschini, G., Azaro, R., Massa, A.: A numerical assessment of the reconstruction effectiveness of the integrated GA-based multicrack strategy. IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett. 6, 271–274 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Benedetti, M., Lesselier, D., Lambert, M., Massa, A.: Multiple shapes reconstruction by means of multi-region level sets. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 48(5), 2330–2342 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bernold, L., Venkatesan, L., Suvarna, S.: A multi-sensory approach to 3-D mapping of underground utilities. In: Proceedings of the 19th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction (ISARC), Washington, USA, 525–530 (2002)Google Scholar
  5. Cao, Y., Dai, S., Labuz, J., Pantelis, J.: Implementation of ground penetrating radar. Minnesota Department of Transportation, Research Services Section, USA (2007)Google Scholar
  6. Cassidy, N.J., Eddies, R., Dods, S.: Void detection beneath reinforced concrete sections: The practical application of ground-penetrating radar and ultrasonic techniques. J. Appl. Geophys. 74, 263–276 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cheng, Nga-Fong, Conrad Tang, Hong-Wai, Chan, Ching-To : Identification and positioning of underground utilities using ground penetrating radar (GPR)”, Sustain. Environ. Res. 23(2), 141–152 (2013)Google Scholar
  8. Demirci, S., Yigit, E., Ozdemir, C.: Detection of movement and impedance changes behind surfaces using ground penetrating radar. Prog. Electromagnet. Res. Symp. (PIERS) 7(1) (2011)Google Scholar
  9. Eide, E.S., Hjelmstad, J.F.: 3D Utility mapping using electronically scanned antenna array. In: 9th International Conference on Ground Penetrating Radar, Santa Barbara, CA, 29 April–2 May 2002Google Scholar
  10. Eyuboglu, S., Mahdi, H., Al-Shukri, H.J.: Detection of water leaks using ground penetrating radar. In: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Applied Geophysics, Orlando-FL, 8–12 Dec 2003Google Scholar
  11. French Standard NF S70-003-2 (2012): Travaux à proximité des réseaux. Partie 2: techniques de détection sans fouille/Works in the neighborhood of utilities. Part 2: Trenchless techniques of detectionGoogle Scholar
  12. Grivas, J.D.A.: Applications of ground penetrating radar for highway pavements, NYSERDA TIRC Project C-04-04. New York State Department of Transportation (2006)Google Scholar
  13. Holt, F.B., Eales, J.W.: Nondestructive evaluation of pavements. Concr. Int. 9, 41–45 (1997)Google Scholar
  14. Interreg IV A Nord Program: Recommendations for guidelines for the use of GPR in asphalt air voids content measurement. Rovaniemi (2011)Google Scholar
  15. Ismail, N.A., Saad, R., Muztaza, N.M., Ali, N. : Predictive mapping of underground utilities using ground penetrating radar. Caspian J. Appl. Sci. Res. 2, 104–108 (2013) (AICCE’12 & GIZ’12)Google Scholar
  16. Ismail, NA., Saad, R.: A case study on ground subsidence using ground penetrating radar. In: International Conference on Environmental, Biomedical and Biotechnology, IPCBEE, vol. 41. IACSIT Press, Singapore (2012)Google Scholar
  17. Jamil, H., Nomanbhoy, Z., Mohd Yusoff, M.Y.: “Underground utility mapping and its challenges in Malaysia”, TS05 J—Mining and underground Engineering Surveying II, 5636, FIG Working Week 2012, Knowing to manage the territory, protect the environment, evaluate the cultural heritage, Rome, Italy, 6–10 May 2012Google Scholar
  18. Jeng, Yih, Chen, Chih-Sung: Subsurface GPR imaging of a potential collapse area in urban environments. Eng. Geol. 147–148, 57–67 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Krysiński, L., Sudyka, J.: “Abilities of Georadar 3D in Construction Identification of Roads” (in Polish), Drogi - Budownictwo infrastrukturalne, 4, 1–2 (styczeń/luty), 65–70. (Original title, Możliwości Georadaru 3D w rozpoznaniu konstrukcji dróg”) (2012)Google Scholar
  20. Lester, J., Bernold, L.E.: Innovative process to characterize buried utilities using ground penetrating radar. Autom. Constr. 16, 546–555 (2007)Google Scholar
  21. Lizzi, L., Viani, F., Rocca, P., Oliveri, G., Benedetti, M., Massa, A.: Three-dimensional real-time localization of subsurface objects—From theory to experimental validation. In: IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, vol. 2, pp. II-121–II-124, 12–17 July 2009Google Scholar
  22. Manica, L., Rocca, P., Salucci, M., Carlin, M., Massa, A.: Scattering data inversion through interval analysis under Rytov approximation. In: 7th European Conference on Antennas Propag. (EuCAP 2013), Gothenburg, Sweden, 8–12 Apr 2013Google Scholar
  23. Massa, A., Boni, A., Donelli, M.: A classification approach based on SVM for electromagnetic subsurface sensing. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 43(9), 2084–2093 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Morey, R.M.: Ground Penetrating Radar for Evaluating Subsurface Conditions for Transportation Facilities, Synth. of Highway Practice 255, NCHRP. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C (1998)Google Scholar
  25. NCHRP: Ground penetrating radar for evaluating subsurface conditions for transportation facilities. National cooperative highway research program, Synthesis of Highway practice 255. Transportation Research Board, Washington D.C. (1998)Google Scholar
  26. Nissen, J., Johansson, B., Wolf, M.J., Skoog, L.: Ground Penetrating Radar—A Ground Investigation Method Applied to Utility Locating in No-Dig Technologies, pp. 1–6. Mala Geoscience Raycon, Stockholm (2001)Google Scholar
  27. Poli, L., Oliveri, G., Rocca, P., Massa, A.: Bayesian compressive sensing approaches for the reconstruction of two-dimensional sparse scatterers under TE illumination. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 51(5), 2920–2936 (2013)Google Scholar
  28. Poli, L., Oliveri, G., Massa, A.: Imaging sparse metallic cylinders through a local shape function bayesian compressive sensing approach. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 30(6), 1261–1272 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Porsani, L., Ruy, Y.B., Ramos, F.P., Yamanouth, G.R.B.: GPR applied to mapping utilities along the route of the Line 4 (yellow) subway tunnel construction in São Paulo City, Brazil. J. Appl. Geophys. 80, 25–31 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Roger, R., Corcoran, K., Arvanitis, M., Schutz, A.: Insulated concrete form void detection using ground penetrating radar. In: Proceedings of Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium (PIERS), Marrakesh, 20–23 Mar 2011Google Scholar
  31. Salucci, M., Sartori, D., Anselmi, N., Randazzo, A., Oliveri, G., Massa, A.: Imaging buried objects within the second-order born approximation through a multiresolution regularized inexact-newton method. In: International Symposium on Electromagnetic Theory (EMTS), Hiroshima, Japan, 20–24 May 2013 (invited)Google Scholar
  32. TxDOT: Using Ground‐Penetrating Radar (GPR) techniques to detect concealed subsurface voids. Texas Department of Transportation, USA (2010)Google Scholar
  33. van Schoor, M., Colvin, C.: Tree root mapping with ground penetrating radar. In: 11th SAGA Biennial Technical Meeting and Exhibition, Swaziland, 16–18 Sep 2009Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Technical University of AthensAthensGreece
  2. 2.IFSTTAR, GERS DepartmentLUNAM UniversitéBouguenaisFrance

Personalised recommendations