ELM for Retinal Vessel Classification

Part of the Adaptation, Learning, and Optimization book series (ALO, volume 16)


Robust image segmentation can be achieved by pixel classification based on features extracted from the image. Retinal vessel quantification is an important component of retinal disease screening protocols. Some vessel parameters are potential biomarkers for the diagnosis of several diseases. Specifically, the arterio-venular ratio (AVR) has been proposed as a biomarker for Diabetic retinopathy and other diseases. Classification of retinal vessel pixels into arteries or veins is required for computing AVR. This chapter compares Extreme Learning Machines (ELM) with other state-of-the-art classifier building approaches for this tasks, finding that ELM approaches improve over most of them in classification accuracy and computational time load. Experiments are performed on a well known benchmark dataset of retinal images.


Retinal vessels Arterio-venular ratio Biomarkers ELM 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Vicomtech-Ik4 FoundationPaís VascoSpain
  2. 2.Computational Intelligence Group (UPV/EHU)País VascoSpain
  3. 3.ULMA GroupOñatiSpain

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