An Eco-Traffic Management Tool

  • Jorge M. Bandeira
  • Sérgio R. Pereira
  • Tânia Fontes
  • Paulo Fernandes
  • Asad J. Khattak
  • Margarida C. Coelho
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 262)


Drivers routing decisions can be influenced to minimize environmental impacts by using, for instance, dynamic and intelligent road pricing schemes. However, some previous research studies have shown that often different pollutants can dictate different traffic assignment strategies which makes necessary to assign weights to these pollutants so they become comparable. In this chapter, a tool for traffic assignment taking into account eco-routing purposes is presented. The main goal of this work is to identify the best traffic volume distribution that allows a minimization of environmental costs for a given corridor with predetermined different alternative routes. To achieve this, an integrated numerical computing platform was developed by integrating microscopic traffic and emission models. The optimization tool employs non-linear techniques to perform different traffic assignment methods: User Equilibrium (UE), System Optimum (SO) and System Equitable (SE). For each method, different strategies can be assessed considering: (i) individual pollutants and traffic performance criteria; and (ii) all pollutants simultaneously. For the latter case, three different optimization approaches can be assessed based on: (i) economic costs of pollutants once released into the air; (ii) human health impacts according to the Eco-Indicator 99; and (iii) real time atmospheric pollutant concentration levels. The model was applied to a simple network, simulating three levels of traffic demand and three different strategies for traffic assignment. The system is developed in Microsoft Excel and offers a user friendly access to optimization algorithms by including a dynamic user interface.


Eco-routing Traffic assignment Microscopic model Atmospheric emissions 



Bandeira and P. Fernandes acknowledge the support of the Portuguese Science and Technology Foundation—FCT for the Doctoral grants SFRH/BD/66104/2009 and SFRH/BD/87402/2012. This work was partially funded by FEDER Funds through the Operational Program ‘‘Factores de Competitividade COMPETE’’ and by National Funds through FCT within the project PTDC/SEN-TRA/115117/2009. The authors also acknowledge the Strategic Project PEst-C/EME/UI0481/2013 and Toyota Caetano Portugal, which allowed the use of vehicles. We are thankful to the US Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration for providing funding through the TranLIVE consortium of university transportation centers." The collaboration between Drs. Coelho and Khattak was under the auspices of the Luso-American Transportations Impacts Study Group (LATIS-G). The contents of this article reflect the views of the authors, who are responsible for the facts and the accuracy of the information presented herein.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jorge M. Bandeira
    • 1
  • Sérgio R. Pereira
    • 1
  • Tânia Fontes
    • 1
  • Paulo Fernandes
    • 1
  • Asad J. Khattak
    • 2
  • Margarida C. Coelho
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Mechanical Technology and Automation/Department Mechanical Engineering, Campus Universitário de SantiagoUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal
  2. 2.Civil and Environmental Engineering DepartmentUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA

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