Advanced Machinery

  • Roberto Naboni
  • Ingrid Paoletti
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)


Advanced Machinery focuses on one fundamental driver of the customization process in the construction sector: the use of advanced digitally controlled fabrication tools. Custom-made architectural systems require tailored fabrication processes, which are described in order to help the designer, with the use of parametric tools to integrate fabrication characteristics in a design. Three main typologies are analyzed: CNC machinery, Robotic Fabrication and Additive Manufacturing . This categorization reflects a different approach that the design team should interpret within a project, while recognizing the different technologies of production. In particular, with the employment of robots, there is a shift from specialized industrial means of production like CNC, to versatile machines. This has the potential to revolutionize the current understanding of mass customization , allowing architects to experiment limitlessly with a wide range of technical and aesthetic solutions. Moreover, Additive Manufacturing has been developing quickly through the last years to accommodate the AEC needs, essentially in two ways: to produce components and sub-components to be assembled and joined to create larger structures, and to “print” large-scale and self-standing architectural elements as a whole. Important research is underway to develop large-scale 3D printers , along with the simultaneous experimentation of different materials and tectonics with suitable properties to operate on the built environment.


Additive manufacturing AEC CNC CAD/CAM Large-scale 3D printing Robotic fabrication 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ABC - Department of Architecture, Built Environment, Construction EngineeringPolytechnic University of MilanMilanItaly

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