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Toxicity Reference Values for Protecting Aquatic Birds in China from the Effects of Polychlorinated Biphenyls

  • Hailei Su
  • Fengchang Wu
  • Ruiqing Zhang
  • Xiaoli Zhao
  • Yunsong Mu
  • Chenglian Feng
  • John P. Giesy
Chapter
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 230)

Abstract

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are widely distributed, persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic pollutants of abiotic matrices, such as soils, sediments, and water, and of wildlife such as fish and birds (Kannan et al. 2000; Giesy et al. 1994b). PCBs are stable in water and adsorb to particles that can be deposited in sediment or accumulated in aquatic food webs. Because of their persistent and lipophilic properties, PCBs bioaccumulate and biomagnify through aquatic food webs, and if thresholds for adverse effects are exceeded, cause effects on wildlife. As top predators that feed at the top of the aquatic food chain, fish-eating birds are exposed to greater concentrations of PCBs (Giesy et al. 1994a; Bosveld and Van den Berg 1994). Potential adverse effects reported for PCBs on wild birds include reduced hatchability, embryonic deformities, immune suppression, mortality (Kannan et al. 2000; Giesy et al. 1994a; Bosveld and Van den Berg 1994; Brunström 1989; Bosveld et al. 1995, 2000; Hoffman et al. 1998), and population-level effects (CCME 1998; Sanderson et al. 1994).

Keywords

EROD Activity Tolerable Daily Intake Common Tern Species Sensitivity Distribution Bald Eagle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by National Basic Research Program of China (2008CB418200) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (41261140337, 40973090).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hailei Su
    • 1
    • 2
  • Fengchang Wu
    • 2
  • Ruiqing Zhang
    • 2
  • Xiaoli Zhao
    • 2
  • Yunsong Mu
    • 2
  • Chenglian Feng
    • 2
  • John P. Giesy
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.College of Water SciencesBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk AssessmentChinese Research Academy of Environmental SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences and Toxicology CentreUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada
  4. 4.Zoology Department and Center for Integrative ToxicologyMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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