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Source Attribution of Attainment and Exposure-Based Ozone Metrics in North America

  • Amanda Pappin
  • Amir HakamiEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Complexity book series (SPCOM)

Abstract

We use adjoint sensitivity analysis to examine the responses of a regulatory ozone attainment metric and adverse ozone health effects to location-specific reductions in anthropogenic NOx emissions. We find spatially heterogeneous responses among both attainment- and exposure-based metrics. Emission reductions in the western U.S. exert the most influence on attainment probability-weighted extreme concentrations (PWCs), while emission reductions in proximity to population centres in the eastern U.S. are most beneficial for reducing short-term ozone-related mortality.

Keywords

Emission Reduction Ozone Concentration Adjoint Sensitivity Negative Sensitivity Adjoint Sensitivity Analysis 
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References

  1. 1.
    Bell ML, McDermott A, Zeger SL et al (2004) Ozone and short-term mortality in 95 US urban communities, 1987–2000. JAMA 292:2372–2378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pappin AJ, Hakami A (2013) Source attribution of health benefits from air pollution abatement in Canada and the U.S.: an adjoint sensitivity analysis. Environ Health Perspect 121(5):572–579. doi: 10.1289/ehp.1205561 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    U.S. EPA (2013) Integrated science assessment for ozone and related photochemical oxidants. EPA 600/R-10/076F Research Triangle Park, NC. http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/isa/recordisplay.cfm?deid=247492

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringCarleton UniversityOttawaCanada

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