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Air Quality Effects on Human Health

  • J. BrandtEmail author
  • J. D. Silver
  • J. H. Christensen
  • M. S. Andersen
  • J. H. Bønløkke
  • T. Sigsgaard
  • C. Geels
  • K. M. Hansen
  • E. Kaas
  • L. M. Frohn
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Complexity book series (SPCOM)

Abstract

An integrated model system based on the impact-pathway chain, EVA (Economic Valuation of Air pollution), has been developed, to assess the health-related economic externalities of air pollution resulting from specific emission sources or sectors. In this study, we apply the EVA system to Europe, and perform a detailed assessment of past, present, and future health-cost externalities of the total air pollution levels in Europe, represented by the years 2000, 2007, 2011, and 2020. Furthermore we perform a detailed analysis of health-related external costs from the ten major emission sectors and their relative contributions.

The paper contains a short description of the EVA system and the results from the assessment of the main contributors. The overall conclusion from the analysis of the ten major emission sectors in Europe is that the main contributors to health-related external costs are major power production, agriculture, road traffic, and non-industrial domestic combustion, including wood combustion. We conclude that when regulating the emissions of ammonia from the agricultural sector, both the impacts on nature and on human health should be taken into account. This study confirms that air pollution constitutes a serious problem to human health and that the related external costs are considerable.

Keywords

External Cost Economic Valuation Chemistry Transport Model Human Health Impact Integrate Model System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The present study is a part of the research of the ‘Center for Energy, Environment and Health (CEEH)’, financed by The Danish Strategic Research Program on Sustainable Energy under contract no 2104-06-0027. Homepage: www.ceeh.dk.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Brandt
    • 1
    Email author
  • J. D. Silver
    • 1
  • J. H. Christensen
    • 1
  • M. S. Andersen
    • 1
  • J. H. Bønløkke
    • 2
  • T. Sigsgaard
    • 2
  • C. Geels
    • 1
  • K. M. Hansen
    • 1
  • E. Kaas
    • 3
  • L. M. Frohn
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Environmental ScienceAarhus UniversityRoskildeDenmark
  2. 2.Section of Environment, Occupation, and Health, Institute of Public HealthAarhus UniversityAarhus CDenmark
  3. 3.Planet and Geophysics, Niels Bohr InstituteUniversity of CopenhagenKøbenhavn ØDenmark
  4. 4.AU KnowledgeAarhus UniversityKøbenhavn NVDenmark

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