The Business of Social and Environmental Innovation

pp 27-47


Social and Environmental Enterprises in Africa: Context, Convergence and Characteristics

  • David LittlewoodAffiliated withHenley Business School, University of Reading Email author 
  • , Diane HoltAffiliated withEssex Business School, University of Essex

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This chapter provides an overview of the landscape of social and environmental entrepreneurship in Africa. Utilizing quantitative data on 270 social and environmental enterprises operating in Eastern and Southern Africa, some key characteristics of these kinds of enterprises are identified. These characteristics are reflected upon through a contextual lens contributing to wider debates about the nature of social and environmental entrepreneurship and enterprises in Africa. Drawing upon notions of hybridity, and sustainability oriented entrepreneurship, consideration is furthermore given to the convergence of social and environmental goals in these kinds of businesses, and in wider social and environmental innovation in Africa.


Social entrepreneurship Environmental enterprises Hybrid sustainable enterprises Africa