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Iris Image Correction Method from Unconstrained Images

  • Eliana Frigerio
  • Marco Marcon
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computational Vision and Biomechanics book series (LNCVB, volume 15)

Abstract

The use of iris as biometric trait has emerged as one of the most preferred method because of its uniqueness, lifetime stability and regular shape. Moreover it shows public acceptance and new user-friendly capture devices are developed and used in a broadened range of applications. Currently, iris recognition systems work well with frontal iris images from cooperative users. Nonideal iris images are still a challenge for iris recognition and can significantly affect the accuracy of iris recognition systems. Moreover, accurate localization of different eye’s parts from videos or still images is a crucial step in many image processing applications that range from iris recognition in Biometrics to gaze estimation for Human Computer Interaction (HCI), impaired people aid or, even, marketing analysis for products attractiveness. Notwithstanding this, actually, most of available implementations for eye’s parts segmentation are quite invasive, imposing a set of constraints both on the environment and on the user itself limiting their applicability to high security Biometrics or to cumbersome interfaces. In the first part of this Chapter, we propose a novel approach to segment the sclera, the white part of the eye. We concentrate on this area since, thanks to the dissimilarity with other eye’s parts, its identification can be performed in a robust way against light variations, reflections and glasses lens flare. An accurate sclera segmentation is a fundamental step in iris and pupil localization, even in non-frontal noisy images. Furthermore its particular geometry can be fruitfully used for accurate eyeball rotation estimation. The proposed technique is based on a statistical approach (supported by some heuristic assumptions) to extract discriminating descriptors for sclera and non-sclera pixels. A Support Vector Machine (SVM) is then used as a final supervised classifier. Once the eyeball rotation angle respect to the camera optical axis is estimated and the limbus (the boundary between the iris and the sclera) is extracted, we propose a method to correct off-angle iris image. Taking into account the eye morphology and the reflectance properties of the external transparent layers, we can evaluate the distorting effects that are present in the acquired image. The correction algorithm proposed includes a first modeling phase of the human eye and a simulation phase where the acquisition geometry is reproduced and the distortions are evaluated. Finally we obtain an image which does not contain the distorting effects due to jumps in the refractive index. We show how this correction process reduces the intra-class variations for off-angle iris images.

Keywords

Sclera segmentation Iris correction 3D eye model Gaze estimation Eikonal equation 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ISPG, DEIBPolitecnico di MilanoMilanoItaly

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