The Biomechanics of Aging and Diabetic Plantar Soft Tissue

  • William R. LedouxEmail author
Part of the Engineering Materials and Processes book series (EMP)


The plantar soft tissue is a layer of adipose tissue beneath the foot. Together with the plantar skin , it interfaces with the ground and serves to distribute the forces borne by the foot at each step. In this chapter, the changes in the plantar soft tissue that are caused by aging will be reviewed. Given that diabetes also alters tissue properties in a similar fashion, those changes will be reviewed as well. As such, the anatomy and mechanical properties of normal, aged, and diabetic soft tissue will be compared and contrasted.


Impact Velocity Diabetic Subject Tissue Thickness Metatarsal Head Pendulum Testing 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported in part by a Department of Veterans Affairs Research Career Scientist Award (A9245S). The author would like to thank Eric Whittaker and Matthew Kindig for their careful editorial comments.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Veterans Affairs, Rehabilitation Research and Development Center of Excellence for Limb Loss Prevention and Prosthetic EngineeringVeterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care SystemSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Mechanical Engineering and Orthopaedics & Sports MedicineUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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