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Earthquake Precursory Signals from Satellite Imagery and Seismography: A Review

  • Habibeh Valizadeh AlvanEmail author
  • Shattri Mansor
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)

Abstract

Earthquake prediction has been always an interesting, controversial subject among researchers. Scientists, data providers, geologists, geochemists, and remote sensing experts are working on new theories and data compositions to provide better understanding of earthquake related processes to present opportunities for detection short term precursory events. Satellite based data are now used for a wide variety of experimental earth studies. Several atmospheric and surface phenomena have been recognized as precursory events and efforts are being made to produce local prediction models which encompass all the regional, climatic, and geological setting of earthquake prone areas. The first step of a successful prediction would be producing thorough information about the geodynamics of the region. While long term prediction enable scientists to identify regions with expected future earthquakes, continuous monitoring of changes of known precursors may pave the way for establishing local warning systems. For this, in situ and satellite-based measurements should be compounded and co analyzed so that all seismic and non-seismic factors in a particular region are identified. This review is a quick look at the recent advances and problems in identifying earthquake precursors as well as new technologies for solving old problems of geologists such as mapping hidden faults.

Keywords

Earthquake prediction Phenomenon Fault, remote sensing Early warning 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Civil Engineering DepartmentUniversity Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia

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