Efficient Design Optimization of Microwave Structures Using Adjoint Sensitivity

  • Slawomir Koziel
  • Leifur Leifsson
  • Stanislav Ogurtsov
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 256)


An important step of the microwave design process is the adjustment of geometry and material parameters of the structure under consideration to make it meet given performance requirements. Nowadays, it is typically conducted using full-wave electromagnetic (EM) simulations. Because accurate high-fidelity simulations are computationally expensive, automation of this process is quite challenging. In particular, the use of conventional numerical optimization algorithms may be prohibitive as these methods normally require a large number of objective function evaluations (and, consequently, EM simulations) to converge. The adjoint sensitivity technique that recently become available in commercial EM simulation software packages can be utilized to speed up the EM-driven design optimization process either by utilizing the sensitivity information in conventional gradient-based algorithms or by combining it with surrogate-based approaches. Here, several recent methods and algorithms for microwave design optimization using adjoint sensitivity are reviewed. We discuss advantages and disadvantages of these techniques and illustrate them through numerical examples.


Computer-Aided Design (CAD) Simulation-driven Design Microwave Design Optimization Electromagnetic Simulation Adjoint Sensitivity 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Slawomir Koziel
    • 1
  • Leifur Leifsson
    • 1
  • Stanislav Ogurtsov
    • 1
  1. 1.Engineering Optimization & Modeling Center, School of Science and EngineeringReykjavik UniversityReykjavikIceland

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