Imperialist Competitive Algorithm

  • Bo Xing
  • Wen-Jing Gao
Part of the Intelligent Systems Reference Library book series (ISRL, volume 62)


In this chapter, we present a new optimization algorithm called imperialist competitive algorithm (ICA) which is inspired by the human socio-political evolution process. We first describe the general knowledge of the imperialism in Sect. 15.1. Then, the fundamentals and performance of ICA are introduced in Sect. 15.2. Finally, Sect. 15.3 summarises this chapter.


Particle Swarm Optimization Line Balance Assembly Line Balance Imperialist Competitive Algorithm Artificial Neural Network Training 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering, Built Environment and Information Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautical EngineeringUniversity of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa
  2. 2.Department of New Product DevelopmentMeiyuan Mould Design and Manufacturing Co., Ltd.XianghePeople’s Republic of China

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