Skip to main content

Faults and Diagnosis Systems in Power Converters

Part of the Studies in Computational Intelligence book series (SCI,volume 531)

Abstract

A power converter is needed in almost all kinds of renewable energy systems and drive systems. It is used both for controlling the renewable source and for interfacing with the load, which can be grid-connected or working in stand-alone mode. Further, it drives the motors efficiently. Increasing efforts have been put into making these systems better in terms of reliability in order to achieve high power source availability, reduce the cost of energy and also increase the reliability of overall systems. Among the components used in power converters, a power device and a capacitor fault occurs most frequently. Therefore, it is important to monitor the power device and capacitor fault to increase the reliability of power electronics. In this chapter, the diagnosis methods for power device fault will be discussed by dividing into open- and short-circuit faults. Then, the condition monitoring methods of DC-link electrolytic capacitor will be introduced.

Keywords

  • Power Converter
  • Condition Monitoring Methods
  • Circuit Fault Diagnosis
  • Faulty Switch
  • Output Phase Currents

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-03401-0_4
  • Chapter length: 36 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   149.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-319-03401-0
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   199.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   199.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12
Fig. 13
Fig. 14
Fig. 15
Fig. 16
Fig. 17
Fig. 18
Fig. 19
Fig. 20
Fig. 21
Fig. 22
Fig. 23
Fig. 24
Fig. 25
Fig. 26
Fig. 27
Fig. 28
Fig. 29
Fig. 30
Fig. 31
Fig. 32
Fig. 33

References

  1. S. Yang, A. Bryant, P. Mawby, D. Xiang, L. Ran, P. Tavner, An industry-based survey of reliability in power electronic converter. IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. 47(3), 1441–1451 (2011)

    Google Scholar 

  2. S. Yang, D. Xiang, A. Bryant, P. Mawby, L. Ran, P. Tavner, Condition monitorring for device reliability in power electronic converters: a review. IEEE Trans. Power Electron. 25(11), 2734–2752 (2010)

    Google Scholar 

  3. B. Lu, S. Sharma, A literature review of IGBT fault diagnostic and protection methods for power inverters. IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. 45(5), 1770–1777 (2009)

    Google Scholar 

  4. Y.J. Ko, K.B. Lee, Fault diagnosis of a voltage-fed PWM inverter for a three-parallel power conversion system in a wind turbine. J. Power Electron 10(6), 686–693 (2010)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  5. Y.J. Ko, K.B. Lee, D.C. Lee, J.M. Kim, Fault diagnosis of three-parallel voltage-source converter for high-power wind turbine. IET Power Electron 5(7), 1058–1067 (2012)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  6. W. Sleszynski, J. Nieznanski, A. Cichowski, Open-transistor fault diagnosis in voltage-source inverter by analyzing the load currents. IEEE Trans. Indus. Electron 56(11), 4681–4688 (2009)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  7. M. Trabelsi, M. Boussak, M. Gossa, Multiple IGBTs open circuit faults diagnosis in voltage source inverter fed induction motor using modified slope method. in Proceedings of ICEM’10 Conference, pp. 1–6, Sept 2010

    Google Scholar 

  8. R. Peuget, S. Courtine, J.P. Rognon, Fault detection and isolation on a PWM inverter by knowledge-based model. IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. 34(6), 1318–1326 (1998)

    Google Scholar 

  9. Q.T. An, L.Z. Sun, K. Zhao, L. Sun, Switching function model-based fast-diagnostic method of open-switch faults in inverters without sensors. IEEE Trans. Power Electron 26(1), 119–126 (2011)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  10. O.S. Yu, N.J. Park, D.S. Hyun, A novel fault detection scheme for voltage fed PWM inverter, in Proceedings of IECON’06 Conference, pp. 2654–2659, Nov 2006

    Google Scholar 

  11. U.M. Choi, H.G. Jung, K.B. Lee, F. Blaabjerg, Method for detecting an open-switch fault in a grid-connected NPC inverter system. IEEE Trans. Power Electron 27(6), 2726–2739 (2012)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  12. F. Huang, F. Flett, IGBT fault protection based on di/dt feedback control, in Proceeding of PESC’07 Conference, pp. 1478–1484, 2007

    Google Scholar 

  13. M.A.R. Blanco, A.C. Sanchez, D. Theilliol, L.G.V. Valdes, P.S.Teran, L.H. Gonzalez, J.A. Alquicira, A failure-detection strategy for IGBT based on gate-voltage behavior applied to a motor drive system. IEEE Trans. Indus. Electron. 58(5), 1625–1633 (2011)

    Google Scholar 

  14. M.S. Kim, B.G. Park, R.Y. Kim, D.S. Hyun, A novel fault detection circuit for short-circuit faults of IGBT, in Proceedings of APEC’11 Conference, pp. 359–363, March 2011

    Google Scholar 

  15. M.A. Rodriquez, A. Claudio, D. Theilliol, L.G. Vela, A new fault detection technique for IGBT based on gate voltage monitoring, in Proceedings of PESC’07 Conference, pp. 1001–1005, 2007

    Google Scholar 

  16. R.S. Chokhawala, S. Sobhani, Switching voltage transient protection schemes for high-current IGBT modules. IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. 33(6), 1601–1610 (1997)

    Google Scholar 

  17. X. Pu, T.H. Nguyen, D.C. Lee, K.B. Lee, J.M. Kim, Fault diagnosis of DC-link capacitors in three-phase AC/DC PWM converters by online estimation of equivalent series resistance. IEEE Trans. Indus. Electron. 60(9), 4118–4127, Sep. 2013

    Google Scholar 

  18. A.M.R. Amaral, A.J.M. Cardoso, A simple offline technique for evaluating the condition of aluminum-electrolytic-capacitors. IEEE Trans. Industr. Electron 56(8), 3230–3237 (2009)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ui-Min Choi .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2014 Springer International Publishing Switzerland

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Lee, KB., Choi, UM. (2014). Faults and Diagnosis Systems in Power Converters. In: Orłowska-Kowalska, T., Blaabjerg, F., Rodríguez, J. (eds) Advanced and Intelligent Control in Power Electronics and Drives. Studies in Computational Intelligence, vol 531. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-03401-0_4

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-03401-0_4

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-03400-3

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-03401-0

  • eBook Packages: EngineeringEngineering (R0)