• Mokhtar AwangEmail author
  • Ehsan Mohammadpour
  • Ibrahim Dauda Muhammad
Part of the Engineering Materials book series (ENG.MAT.)


A nanometer is one-billionth of a meter, or relatively one ten-thousandth of the thickness of a human hair. A nanometer-scale tube-like structure is called nanotube. It may represent carbon nanotube (CNT), silicon nanotube, boron nitride nanotube, inorganic nanotube, DNA nanotube and membrane nanotube comprising of tubular membrane connected in the middle of cells. Nanotubes are similar to a powder or black soot. The CNTs, representing others, are in reality rolled-up sheets of graphene that establish hollow threads having walls with one atom thickness [1].


High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscope Boron Nitride High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscope Tungsten Disulfide Atom Thickness 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mokhtar Awang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ehsan Mohammadpour
    • 1
  • Ibrahim Dauda Muhammad
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversiti Teknologi PetronasSeri IskandarMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of AbujaAbujaNigeria

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