Large-Scale Propagation Analysis and Coverage Area Evaluation of 3G WCDMA in Urban Environments Based on BS Antenna Heights

Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 248)


The design of an efficient cellular system requires a detailed understanding of propagation characteristics of a mobile radio channel. A signal propagating through a channel undergoes two kinds of variations; large-scale and small-scale. Path loss is generally the most important parameter predicted by large-scale variations. In this paper a Large-scale propagation model is described for urban environments, to evaluate the coverage area of 3G WCDMA cellular system based on BS antenna heights. COST 231 Hata model is presented for large-scale analysis of WCDMA systems. The results are evaluated with different parameters; coverage radius, antenna heights and Eb/N0. It is observed that, path loss decreases from 167.55 dB to 155.67 dB as the BS antenna height increases from 30 m to 120 m for 8 km coverage radius in a WCDMA system for urban environments.


Path loss WCDMA COST 231 Hata model coverage radius 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Mishra, A.R.: Fundamentals of Cellular Network and optimization 2G / 2.5G / 3 G evolution to 4G. John wiley &Sons, Ltd (2004)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Smith, C., Collins, D.: 3G Wireless Networks. McGraw-Hill Book Co. (2002)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lee, C.Y.: Wireless and Cellular Communications, 3rd edn. copy rigtht©2006 (1995). 1887 McGraw-Hill companies, Inc. all rights reservedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rao, G.S.: Mobile Cellular Communication. In: Pearson International (2012)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hata, M.: Empirical formula for Propagation loss in Land Mobile Radio Services. IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. VT-29(3), 317–325 (2008)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Karim, M.R., Sarraf, M.: W-CDMA and cdma2000 for 3G Mobile Networks. McGraw-Hill Publications (2004)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Parsons, J.D.: Mobile radio propagation channel. Wiley & Sons (2000)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringJNTU College of EngineeringKakinadaIndia
  2. 2.Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, College of EngineeringAndhra UniversityVisakhapatnamIndia

Personalised recommendations