Long Term WSN Monitoring for Energy Efficiency in EU Cultural Heritage Buildings

  • Femi Aderohunmu
  • Domenico Balsamo
  • Giacomo Paci
  • Davide Brunelli
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 281)

Abstract

Historic buildings are a distinctive and invaluable characteristic of numerous European cities, and living symbols of Europe’s rich cultural heritage. However, today, EU cultural heritage buildings are contributing huge percentage to the greenhouse gas emissions. This has led to the increasing of wireless sensor network (WSN) deployments aimed at monitoring and improving the energy efficiency of these historic buildings. In this chapter we show a long term, low cost, passive distributed environmental monitoring system that promotes energy-efficient retrofitting in historic buildings. We focus on the design and implementation of an innovative technological framework, and on the hardware and software development of the solution. The presented system provides real-time feedback for the civil engineers for prompt intervention via remote interfaces.

Keywords

Real-world deployment Historic building monitoring Energy-efficiency Stack architecture Structural health monitoring Real-time systems 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The research leading to these results has received funding from the projects 3ENCULT and GreenDataNet, both funded by the EU 7th Framework Programme. In addition, the authors would like to thank WISPES srl for the implementation of the prototypes

References

  1. 1.
    Abrardo, A., Balucanti, L., Belleschi, M., Carretti, C., Mecocci, A.: Health monitoring of architectural heritage: the case study of san gimignano. In: Environmental Energy and Structural Monitoring Systems (EESMS), 2010 IEEE Workshop on, pp. 98–102, 2010Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Anastasi, G., Lo Re, G., Ortolani, M.: wsns for structural health monitoring of historical buildings. In: Human System Interactions, 2009. HSI ’09. 2nd Conference on, pp. 574–579, 2009Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Brunelli, D., Balsamo, D., Paci, G., Benini, L.: Temperature compensated time synchronisation in wireless sensor networks. Electron. Lett. 48(16), 1026–1028 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Caione, C., Brunelli, D., Benini, L.: Distributed compressive sampling for lifetime optimization in dense wireless sensor networks. IEEE Trans. Industr. Inf. 8(1), 30–40 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Caione, C., Brunelli, D., Benini, L.: Compressive sensing optimization for signal ensembles in wsns. Industrial Informatics, IEEE Transactions on (2013)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Carli, D., Brunelli, D., Benini, L., Ruggeri, M.: An effective multi-source energy harvester for low power applications. In: Design, Automation Test in Europe Conference Exhibition (DATE), pp. 1–6, 2011Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ceriotti, M., Mottola, L., Picco, G. P., Murphy, A. L., Guna, S., Corra, M., Pozzi, M., Zonta, D., Zanon, P.: Monitoring heritage buildings with wireless sensor networks: the torre aquila deployment. In: Proceedings of the 2009 International Conference on Information Processing in Sensor Networks, IPSN ’09, pp. 277–288, Washington, DC, USA, 2009. IEEE Computer Society.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Crossbow. http://www.xbow.com (1995). Accessed 8 Sept 2012
  9. 9.
    Amato, F. D’., Gamba, P., Goldoni, E.: Monitoring heritage buildings and artworks with wireless sensor networks. In: Environmental Energy and Structural Monitoring Systems (EESMS), 2012 IEEE Workshop on, pp. 1–6, 2012Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dondi, D., Bertacchini, A., Larcher, L., Pavan, P., Brunelli, D., Benini, L.: A solar energy harvesting circuit for low power applications. In: Sustainable Energy Technologies, 2008. ICSET 2008. IEEE International Conference on, pp. 945–949, 2008Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ferrari, F., Zimmerling, M., Thiele, L., Saukh, O.: Efficient network flooding and time synchronization with glossy. In: IPSN, pp. 73–84, 2011Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Jennic-Platform. NXP Jennic platform. http://www.jennic.com/index.php (1996)
  13. 13.
    Lynch, J. P.: Overview of wireless sensors for real-time health monitoring of civil structures. In: The 4th Intern. Workshop on Structural, Control, 10–11 June 2004Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Magno, M., Brunelli, D., Zappi, P., Benini, L.: A solar-powered video sensor node for energy efficient multimodal surveillance. In: Digital System Design Architectures, Methods and Tools, 2008. DSD ’08. 11th EUROMICRO Conference on, pp. 512–519, 2008Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Neri, A.,et al.: Environmental monitoring of heritage buildings. In: Environmental, Energy, and Structural Monitoring Systems, 2009. EESMS 2009. IEEE Workshop on, pp. 93–97, 2009Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Porcarelli, D., Balsamo, D., Brunelli, D., Paci, G.: Perpetual and low-cost power meter for monitoring residential and industrial appliances. In: Design, Automation Test in Europe Conference Exhibition (DATE), pp. 1155–1160, 2013Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Porcarelli, D., Brunelli, D., Benini, L.: Clamp-and-measure forever: A mosfet-based circuit for energy harvesting and measurement targeted for power meters. In: Advances in Sensors and Interfaces (IWASI), 2013 5th IEEE International Workshop on, pp.200–205, 2013Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Porcarelli, D., Brunelli, D., Magno, M., Benini, L.: A multi-harvester architecture with hybrid storage devices and smart capabilities for low power systems. In: Power Electronics, Electrical Drives, Automation and Motion (SPEEDAM), 2012 International Symposium on, pp. 946–951, 2012Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Weddell, A.S., Magno, M., Merrett, G.V., Brunelli, D., Al-Hashimi, B.M., Benini, L.: A survey of multi-source energy harvesting systems. In: Design, Automation Test in Europe Conference Exhibition (DATE), pp. 905–908, 2013Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    WISPES. Wispes W24TH sensor node. http://www.wispes.com (2009)
  21. 21.
    Zonta, D., Pozzi, M., Zanon, P.: Managing the historical heritage using distributed technologies. Int. J. Architectural Heritage 2(3), 200–225 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Femi Aderohunmu
    • 1
  • Domenico Balsamo
    • 2
  • Giacomo Paci
    • 2
  • Davide Brunelli
    • 3
  1. 1.Information Science DepartmentUniversity of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand
  2. 2.Department of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering (DEI)University of BolognaBolognaItaly
  3. 3.Department of Industrial Engineering (DII)University of TrentoTrentoItaly

Personalised recommendations